Satoshi Iwase

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Orthostatic intolerance is common when astronauts return to Earth: after brief spaceflight, up to two-thirds are unable to remain standing for 10 min. Previous research suggests that susceptible individuals are unable to increase their systemic vascular resistance and plasma noradrenaline concentrations above pre-flight upright levels. In this study, we(More)
We have investigated the changes in muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) from the tibial nerve during brief periods of microgravity (microG) for approximately 20 s produced by parabolic flight. MSNA was recorded microneurographically from 13 quietly seated human subjects with their knee joints extended in a jet aircraft simultaneously with the(More)
The present study was performed to determine how sympathetic function is altered by simulated microgravity, dry immersion for 3 days, and to elucidate the mechanism of post-spaceflight orthostatic intolerance in humans. Six healthy men aged 21-36 years old participated in the study. Before and after the dry immersion, subjects performed head-up tilt (HUT)(More)
We measured muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSA) to clarify the mechanisms of the blood pressure rise during cold pressor test (CPT), simultaneously with impedance cardiography and blood pressure wave measurement in 10 healthy subjects. MSA remained unchanged during the initial period of 0-30s of the CPT and increased remarkably during the later period(More)
To elucidate the effects of linear acceleration on muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) in humans, 16 healthy men were tested in a linear accelerator. Measurements of MSNA, electrocardiogram, blood pressure, and thoracic impedance were undertaken during linear acceleration. Sinusoidal linear acceleration with peak values at +/-0.10, +/-0.15, and +/-0.20(More)
Responses in muscle sympathetic activity (MSA) to acute hypoxia were studied in 13 healthy male subjects under hypobaric hypoxic conditions at a simulated altitude of 4,000, 5,000, and 6,000 m. Efferent postganglionic MSA was recorded directly with a tungsten microelectrode inserted percutaneously into the tibial nerve. Heart rate (HR) and respiratory rate(More)
Five patients with non-Alzheimer non-Pick dementia combined with Fahr's syndrome were studied. Atypical clinical pictures emerged from an evaluation of these cases. Their symptoms and signs could be attributed neither to Alzheimer's disease nor to Pick's disease but to a partial mixture of both. The neuropathological changes were characteristic, and the(More)
To examine how long-lasting microgravity simulated by 6 degrees head-down bed rest (HDBR) induces changes in the baroreflex control of muscle sympathetic nerve activity (MSNA) at rest and changes in responses of MSNA to orthostasis, six healthy male volunteers (range 26-42 yr) participated in Valsalva maneuver and head-up tilt (HUT) tests before and after(More)
To maintain the fidelity and integrity of blood formation, the cell cycle is under strict regulation during haematopoietic cell differentiation. To elucidate the molecular mechanisms of cell cycle regulation during haematopoiesis, we examined cell cycle control gene expression during lineage-specific differentiation from CD34+ progenitor cells. Expression(More)
Although spaceflight and bed rest are known to cause muscular atrophy in the antigravity muscles of the legs, the changes in sympathetic and cardiovascular responses to exercises using the atrophied muscles remain unknown. We hypothesized that bed rest would augment sympathetic responses to isometric exercise using antigravity leg muscles in humans. Ten(More)