Satoshi Iwai

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Tolerance to morphine analgesia following repeated administration disturbs the continuation of opioid therapy for severe pain. Emerging evidence suggests that the development of morphine tolerance may be antagonized by painful stimuli. To clarify the detailed mechanisms of these phenomena, we examined the effects of several pain stimuli on morphine-induced(More)
To test the possibility of a peroxisome proliferator activated receptor (PPAR) γ agonist to treat neuropathic pain, we examined the effects of pioglitazone, a PPARγ agonist, on tactile allodynia and expression of activated microglia in the dorsal horn of spinal cord using neuropathic pain model. The unilateral sciatic nerve was partially ligated (PSL) in(More)
Potentiation of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction by a low dose of almitrine bismesylate (1 microgram.kg-1.min-1) was evaluated in terms of blood chemical mediator concentrations. Time course changes in the blood concentrations of adrenaline, noradrenaline, serotonin, histamine, thromboxane TXB2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha were monitored after administration of(More)
Helical strips of pulmonary arteries from rabbits were tested for their responses to the following peptides: neuropeptide Y (NPY), vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP), substance P (SP), cholecystokinin-octapeptide (CCK), somatostatin (SS), bombesin, neurotensin and gastrin. SP, in the absence of active base-tension, and NPY both induced(More)
The presence of receptors that regulate the release of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was studied in strips of the guinea pig urinary bladder. GABA (10(-8)-10(-5) M) and muscimol (10(-8)-10(-5) M), but not baclofen (10(-5) M), reduced the Ca2+-dependent, tetrodotoxin-resistant release of [3H]GABA evoked by high K+ from the urinary bladder strips preloaded(More)
Along with article-based checklists, structured template recording systems have been reported as useful to create more accurate clinical recording, but their contributions to the improvement of the quality of patient care have been controversial. An emergency department (ED) must manage many patients in a short time. Therefore, such a template might be(More)
Recording information in emergency departments (EDs) constitutes a major obstacle to efficient treatment. A new electronic medical records (EMR) system focusing on clinical documentation was developed to accelerate patient flow. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a new EMR system on ED length of stay and physician satisfaction. We integrated(More)
Recording information in emergency departments (EDs) constitutes a major obstacle to efficient treatment. A new electronic medical records (EMR) system focusing on clinical documentation was developed to accelerate patient flow. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a new EMR system on ED length of stay and physician satisfaction.We integrated(More)
The average dose of vecuronium required in children continuous infusion to attain a steady state block of 90% was determined. The electromyographic (EMG) response and mechanical response to supramaximal stimulation of the ulnar never recorded simultaneously, were significantly correlated in four children. The steady-state infusion rate requirement of(More)
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