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PROBLEM The mechanism of immunotherapy for patients with recurrent spontaneous abortions is not well understood. In order to investigate the suppressor mechanism of paternal lymphocyte immunization, we examined peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations and the repertoire of T-cell receptor (TCR) gene segments. METHOD OF STUDY Twelve patients with(More)
Recent data demonstrated that CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cells and an enzyme called indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) mediate maternal tolerance to the fetus. Interestingly, Treg cells express the CTLA-4 molecule on their surface, and B7 (CD80/86) ligation by CTLA-4 enhanced IDO activity of dendritic cells (DCs) and monocytes by the induction of(More)
We investigate the mechanism(s) of plasma glucose lowering action of puerarin in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (STZ-diabetic rats). Puerarin at the effective dosage to lower higher plasma glucose increased plasma beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity (BER) in STZ-diabetic rats. Both effects of puerarin were abolished by the pretreatment with prazosin.(More)
Intraductal ultrasound (IDUS) probes mounted with 30 MHz or 20 MHz transducers were evaluated in the diagnosis of 239 patients with pancreatic disease (including 48 cancers, 90 mucin-producing tumors, seven islet-cell tumors, two metastatic pancreatic tumors, seven serous cystadenomas, one pancreatic teratoma, three solid cystic tumors, 49 cases of chronic(More)
PROBLEM Chemokine receptors of placental trophoblasts possibly act as co-receptors or alternative receptors of maternal fetal infection by HIV. To clarify their possible expression and the physiological roles of chemokines on human placentae, we studied chemokine chemokine receptor expression and the effects of exogenous chemokines on choriocarcinoma cell(More)
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in children worldwide and can cause high mortality, especially in developing countries. However, information on the clinical and molecular characteristics of RSV infection in developing countries is limited. From April 2010 to May 2011, 1,082 nasopharyngeal swabs were(More)
A chitinase was purified from the culture filtrate of nigeran-degrading Arthrobacter sp. NHB-10 by precipitation with ammonium sulfate and column chromatographies on DEAE-Sephadex A-50 and Superose 12. The final preparation was homogenous in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was 30,000 and its isoelectric point(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical outcome, ECG characteristics, and optimal treatment of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), a malignant and rare ventricular tachycardia. PATIENTS AND METHODS Questionnaire responses and ECGs of 29 patients with CPVT were evaluated. Mean (SD) age of onset was 10.3 (6.1) years. RESULTS The(More)
A rare case of Frantz's tumor with liver metastasis is reported. An 11-year-old girl had local resection of a Frantz's tumor in the head of the pancreas. Ten years later, she had a recurrence in the pancreatic head, and two liver metastases were also disclosed at reoperation. Pancreaticoduodenectomy and enucleation of metastatic lesions in the liver were(More)
Several catechin compounds were examined for their ability to induce apoptosis in human histiocytic lymphoma U937 cells. Catechins with a pyrogallol-type structure in a B-ring induced apoptosis and a 3-O-gallate group in cis-relationship to the B ring enhanced the activity. Catechins without a pyrogallol-type structure in a molecule lacked activity. These(More)