Learn More
Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a major cause of acute respiratory infections (ARIs) in children worldwide and can cause high mortality, especially in developing countries. However, information on the clinical and molecular characteristics of RSV infection in developing countries is limited. From April 2010 to May 2011, 1,082 nasopharyngeal swabs were(More)
PROBLEM Chemokine receptors of placental trophoblasts possibly act as co-receptors or alternative receptors of maternal fetal infection by HIV. To clarify their possible expression and the physiological roles of chemokines on human placentae, we studied chemokine chemokine receptor expression and the effects of exogenous chemokines on choriocarcinoma cell(More)
Epigallocatechin gallate (EGCG) is known to induce apoptosis in various types of tumor cells, but the precise mechanism by which EGCG induces apoptosis remains to be elucidated. The Fas-Fas ligand system is one of the major pathways operating in the apoptotic cascade. The aim of this study was to examine the possibility that EGCG-binding to Fas triggers the(More)
Previous research showed that the functional monomer 10-methacryloxydecyl dihydrogen phosphate (MDP) ionically bonds to hydroxyapatite (HAp) and forms a nano-layered structure at the interface with HAp-based substrates. Such hydrophobic nano-layering is considered to contribute to the long-term durability of the bond to tooth tissue. However, dental(More)
We investigate the mechanism(s) of plasma glucose lowering action of puerarin in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats (STZ-diabetic rats). Puerarin at the effective dosage to lower higher plasma glucose increased plasma beta-endorphin-like immunoreactivity (BER) in STZ-diabetic rats. Both effects of puerarin were abolished by the pretreatment with prazosin.(More)
PROBLEM The mechanism of immunotherapy for patients with recurrent spontaneous abortions is not well understood. In order to investigate the suppressor mechanism of paternal lymphocyte immunization, we examined peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations and the repertoire of T-cell receptor (TCR) gene segments. METHOD OF STUDY Twelve patients with(More)
A chitinase was purified from the culture filtrate of nigeran-degrading Arthrobacter sp. NHB-10 by precipitation with ammonium sulfate and column chromatographies on DEAE-Sephadex A-50 and Superose 12. The final preparation was homogenous in polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. The molecular weight of the purified enzyme was 30,000 and its isoelectric point(More)
Porcine kobuvirus is a new candidate species of the genus Kobuvirus in the family Picornaviridae, and information is still limited. The identification of porcine kobuvirus has been performed by the sequence analyses of the 3D region of the viruses. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to characterize the molecular properties of VP1 nucleotide sequences(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the clinical outcome, ECG characteristics, and optimal treatment of catecholaminergic polymorphic ventricular tachycardia (CPVT), a malignant and rare ventricular tachycardia. PATIENTS AND METHODS Questionnaire responses and ECGs of 29 patients with CPVT were evaluated. Mean (SD) age of onset was 10.3 (6.1) years. RESULTS The(More)
Recent data demonstrated that CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cells and an enzyme called indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) mediate maternal tolerance to the fetus. Interestingly, Treg cells express the CTLA-4 molecule on their surface, and B7 (CD80/86) ligation by CTLA-4 enhanced IDO activity of dendritic cells (DCs) and monocytes by the induction of(More)