Satoshi Hachimura

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The amount of an Ag used for stimulation affects the type and magnitude of T cell responses. In this study we have investigated the primary response of naive CD4(+) T cells derived from OVA-specific TCR-transgenic mice (OVA23-3) upon stimulation with varying doses of the antigenic peptide, OVA(323-339). IL-4 expression was maximal with 50 nM Ag and(More)
The mucosal immune system provides the first line of defense against inhaled and ingested pathogenic microbacteria and viruses. This defense system, to a large extent, is mediated by the actions of secretory IgA. In this study, we screened 140 strains of lactic acid bacteria for induction of IgA production by murine Peyer's patch cells. We selected one(More)
Oral tolerance is systemic immune hyporesponsiveness induced by the oral administration of soluble Ags. Hyporesponsiveness of Ag-specific CD4 T cells is responsible for this phenomenon. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the hyporesponsive state of these T cells are not fully understood. In the present study, we investigated the ability of orally(More)
Oral tolerance is an important physiological component of the immune system whereby the organism avoids dangerous reactions such as hypersensitivity to ingested food proteins and other luminal Ags which may cause tissue damage and inflammation. In addition, it has been shown in animal models and in humans that oral tolerance can be applied to controlling(More)
Scenescence-induced changes in gut-associated lymphoid tissues may contribute largely to the impaired immune responses during aging. Age-related changes in lymphocyte recirculations were investigated in Peyer's patches of rat small intestine. Cell dynamics of labeled T lymphocytes were observed under an intravital fluorescence microscope and compared(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE To improve the efficacy and safety of tolerance induction for food allergies, identifying the tissues responsible for inducing intestinal inflammation and subsequent oral tolerance is important. We used OVA23-3 mice, which express an ovalbumin-specific T-cell receptor, to elucidate the roles of local and systemic immune tissues in(More)
The recirculation of lymphocytes through the intestinal mucosa is important for specific immune defense, but the origin and differentiation of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IEL) are not fully understood. The present study therefore used intravital microscopy to investigate the migration of IEL to the villus mucosa and Peyer's patches of the small intestine.(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig) E is a mediator of food allergic reaction; however, the mechanisms of its production in response to an ingested antigen are not fully understood. For analysis of IgE production, here we propose an IgE response mouse model created by injection of a Th2 cell culture and feeding of an egg white diet. According to this manipulation, total(More)
Inflamm-aging indicates the chronic inflammatory state resulting from increased secretion of proinflammatory cytokines and mediators such as IL-6 in the elderly. Our principle objective was to identify cell types that were affected with aging concerning IL-6 secretion in the murine model. We compared IL-6 production in spleen cells from both young and aged(More)