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Defensins released by neutrophils are able to kill a broad spectrum of microbes. They also induce leukocyte migration in vitro and elicit inflammatory leukocyte responses at s.c. injection sites in mice. In vitro experiments showed that human defensins enhanced concanavalin A-stimulated murine spleen cell proliferation and IFN-gamma production. This led us(More)
To assess whether azelnidipine (AZN) exerts renoprotective effects, 20-week-old adult male stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRsp) were treated with AZN 10 mg/kg/d (n=6), olmesartan (OLM) 3 mg/kg/d (n=4), hydralazine (HYD) 20 mg/kg/d (n=3), or water (control; n=5). Each test agent was administered by oral gavage for 12 weeks. Systolic blood(More)
CD40 is a molecule present on B lymphocyte lineage cells that is important in B-cell differentiation and activation. Signaling through CD40 has been shown to exert costimulatory signals on normal B cells resulting in proliferative and differentiation responses. Examination of several B-cell lymphomas showed cell-surface expression of the CD40 molecule.(More)
Recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) was administered to mice after syngeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT) to determine its effect on hematopoietic reconstitution. BALB/c mice were given 10 microg intraperitoneal injections of rhGH every other day for a total of 10 injections following syngeneic BMT. Mice that received rhGH exhibited significant(More)
CD30 is a M(r) 120,000 surface antigen identified originally by the Ki-1 monoclonal antibody (moAb) against primary and cultured Reed-Sternberg cells present in Hodgkin's disease and anaplastic large-cell lymphomas (ALCLs). Examination of two ALCL cell lines (Karpas 299 and Michel) demonstrated cell surface expression of CD30. Incubation of these lymphomas(More)
Vitamin E succinate (VES) and all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) were determined to be growth inhibitory for B lymphoma cells in vitro. RL, an Epstein-Barr virus-negative human cell line, was growth suppressed 87% with VES (5 micrograms/ml) and 58% with RA (10(-6) M); both agents blocked the cells in G1 of the cell cycle. The antiproliferative effect of VES seems(More)
CD40 is a molecule present on multiple cell types including B lymphocyte lineage cells. CD40 has been shown to play an important role in B cell differentiation and activation in vitro, although little is known concerning the effects of CD40 stimulation in vivo. We therefore examined the effects of CD40 stimulation in mice using a syngeneic bone marrow(More)
Previous studies from this laboratory have demonstrated that the chemokines RANTES (recombinant human regulated upon activation, normally T cell expressed and presumably secreted), macrophage chemotactic peptide-1, recombinant human macrophage inflammatory protein-1 alpha (rhMIP-1 alpha) IL-8, and IP-10 are capable of inducing human T cell infiltration into(More)
The antitumor effects of CD40 and CD20 monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were compared on various human B-cell lymphomas by using both in vitro and in vivo assays. Anti-CD40 directly inhibited the proliferation of human B-cell lymphomas in vitro, whereas anti-CD20 exerted no inhibitory effects on the growth of any lymphoma tested. These lymphomas were then(More)
CD40 is expressed on both normal and neoplastic B lymphocytes. Signal transduction through CD40 in vitro has been shown to exert stimulatory effects on normal B cells and inhibitory effects on Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-induced B-cell lymphoma lines and some other cell lines derived from patients with aggressive histology lymphoma. The transfer of normal(More)