Satoshi Arai

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In various cellular membrane systems, vacuolar ATPases (V-ATPases) function as proton pumps, which are involved in many processes such as bone resorption and cancer metastasis, and these membrane proteins represent attractive drug targets for osteoporosis and cancer. The hydrophilic V(1) portion is known as a rotary motor, in which a central axis DF complex(More)
We report a mitochondrial targeted redox probe (MitoRP) that comprises a nitroxide radical (TEMPO) moiety and coumarin 343. Using isolated mitochondria in the presence/absence of substrates and inhibitors of oxidative phosphorylation, we demonstrated that MitoRP is a useful probe to monitor the electron flow associated with complex I.
Biacore is widely used for studies on protein-protein interaction in which regeneration is one of the most important steps. Here we introduce the anionic detergent sodium lauroyl sarcosinate (sarkosyl), which works satisfactorily as a regeneration reagent. After regeneration by the mild detergent, the subsequent binding experiment was reproducible without(More)
Existing AOP tools, typified by AspectJ, are proposed as extensions of a single language. Therefore, most existing AOP tools cannot deal with cross-cutting concerns, which are scattered on many modules implemented in two or more languages. We propose a novel language-independent AOP framework named UniAspect. UniAspect translates programs written in various(More)
Short-chain-length/medium-chain-length (SCL/MCL) polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) was produced in the plastids of Arabidopsis thaliana. Phe87Thr (F87T) mutated 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) synthase III (FabH) from Escherichia coli , and Ser325Thr/Gln481Lys (ST/QK) mutated polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase (PhaC1) from Pseudomonas sp. 61-3, along with(More)
Osteoclastogenesis is regulated by RANKL expressed on stromal cells. In this study, we sought to isolate a new surface molecule regulating osteoclastogenesis on stromal cells by generating monoclonal antibodies. A rat was immunized with the mouse stromal cell line, TSB13, which can support osteoclastogenesis, and a monoclonal antibody, A15-1, was obtained.(More)
The immunological properties of rat S100A8 (r-S100A8) and S100A9 (r-S100A9) in immune cells are poorly understood. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for r-S100A9 enabled us to discuss the differential functional roles of the two proteins, and their localization in the cells was observed microscopically. Recombinant human S100A8 (rh-S100A8) or S100A9(More)
The development of ulcerative colitis (UC) is closely associated with abnormally functioning macrophages. Rat S100A8 (r-S100A8) and r-S100A9 (S100 proteins) is abundantly expressed in immune cells of myeloid origin, macrophages; however, it remains unclear why r-S100A9 is dominantly expressed in the macrophages of UC rats (UCR). The purpose of this study(More)
BACKGROUND Serum proteins that non-specifically bind with human S100A8/A9 (h-S100A8/A9) have been proposed. Our aim was to isolate and identify these proteins, and verify their clinical significance for monitoring the postoperative condition of liver recipients, and further to discuss the transportation of human fibronectin (h-FN) with h-S100A8/A9 and its(More)
S100A8 and S100A9 (S100 proteins) are regulators of immune cells of myeloid origin. Whereas S100 proteins are found at high concentrations in such cells, their immunologic roles remain unclear. We focused on cluster of differentiation 68 (CD68). The aim of this study is to investigate whether CD68 binds to extracellular S100A8 and/or S100A9 and subsequently(More)