Satoshi Arai

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Short-chain-length/medium-chain-length (SCL/MCL) polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) was produced in the plastids of Arabidopsis thaliana. Phe87Thr (F87T) mutated 3-ketoacyl-acyl carrier protein (ACP) synthase III (FabH) from Escherichia coli , and Ser325Thr/Gln481Lys (ST/QK) mutated polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA) synthase (PhaC1) from Pseudomonas sp. 61-3, along with(More)
We report a mitochondrial targeted redox probe (MitoRP) that comprises a nitroxide radical (TEMPO) moiety and coumarin 343. Using isolated mitochondria in the presence/absence of substrates and inhibitors of oxidative phosphorylation, we demonstrated that MitoRP is a useful probe to monitor the electron flow associated with complex I.
Dihydropyrimidinase (DHP, EC is the second enzyme of the pyrimidine degradation pathway and a deficiency of this enzyme is responsible for a rare inborn metabolic syndrome characterized by dihydropyrimidinuria. Here we report a cat with DHP deficiency, manifesting malnutrition, depression, vomiting, and hyperammonemia. A gas chromatographic-mass(More)
In various cellular membrane systems, vacuolar ATPases (V-ATPases) function as proton pumps, which are involved in many processes such as bone resorption and cancer metastasis, and these membrane proteins represent attractive drug targets for osteoporosis and cancer. The hydrophilic V(1) portion is known as a rotary motor, in which a central axis DF complex(More)
Cyclic AMP is a ubiquitous second messenger, which mediates many cellular responses mainly initiated by activation of cell surface receptors. Various Förster resonance energy transfer-based ratiometric cAMP indicators have been created for monitoring the spatial and temporal dynamics of cAMP at the single-cell level. However, single fluorescent(More)
  • Yoshiaki Takei, Satoshi Arai, +5 authors Madoka Suzuki
  • 2014
The homeostasis of body temperature and energy balance is one of the major principles in biology. Nanoscale thermometry of aqueous solutions is a challenging but crucial technique to understand the molecular basis of this essential process. Here, we developed a ratiometric nanothermometer (RNT) for intracellular temperature measurement in real time. Both(More)
In the basal ganglia (BG), dopamine plays a pivotal role in motor control, and dopamine deficiency results in severe motor dysfunctions as seen in Parkinson's disease. According to the well-accepted model of the BG, dopamine activates striatal direct pathway neurons that directly project to the output nuclei of the BG through D1 receptors (D1Rs), whereas(More)
Tetragonal barium titanate nanoparticles (BTNPs) have been exploited as nanotransducers owing to their piezoelectric properties, in order to provide indirect electrical stimulation to SH-SY5Y neuron-like cells. Following application of ultrasounds to cells treated with BTNPs, fluorescence imaging of ion dynamics revealed that the synergic stimulation is(More)
V-ATPases function as ATP-dependent ion pumps in various membrane systems of living organisms. ATP hydrolysis causes rotation of the central rotor complex, which is composed of the central axis D subunit and a membrane c ring that are connected by F and d subunits. Here we determined the crystal structure of the DF complex of the prokaryotic V-ATPase of(More)