Satoru Yamazaki

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BACKGROUND Moyamoya disease is an idiopathic vascular disorder of intracranial arteries. Its susceptibility locus has been mapped to 17q25.3 in Japanese families, but the susceptibility gene is unknown. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS Genome-wide linkage analysis in eight three-generation families with moyamoya disease revealed linkage to 17q25.3(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome system contributes to regulation of apoptosis degrading apoptosis-regulatory proteins. Marked accumulation of ubiquitinated proteins in cardiomyocytes of human failing hearts suggested impaired ubiquitin-proteasome system in heart failure. Since cardiomyocyte apoptosis contributes to the progression of cardiac dysfunction in(More)
The heparin-binding epidermal growth factor (EGF)-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a member of the EGF family of growth factors that binds to and activates the EGF receptor (EGFR) and the related receptor tyrosine kinase, ErbB4. HB-EGF-null mice (HB(del/del)) were generated to examine the role of HB-EGF in vivo. More than half of the HB(del/del) mice died in(More)
Marked sarcomere disorganization is a well-documented characteristic of cardiomyocytes in the failing human myocardium. Myosin regulatory light chain 2, ventricular/cardiac muscle isoform (MLC2v), which is involved in the development of human cardiomyopathy, is an important structural protein that affects physiologic cardiac sarcomere formation and heart(More)
Neuropilin-1 (NRP1) is a co-receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) that enhances the angiogenic signals cooperatively with VEGFR2. VEGF signaling is essential for physiological and pathological angiogenesis through its effects on vascular endothelial cells (ECs) and smooth muscle cells (SMCs), but the mechanisms coordinating this response(More)
Although various management methods have been developed for heart failure, it is necessary to investigate the diagnostic or therapeutic targets of heart failure. Accordingly, we have developed different approaches for managing heart failure by using conventional microarray analyses. We analyzed gene expression profiles of myocardial samples from 12 patients(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an energy-sensing Ser/Thr protein kinase originally shown to be regulated by AMP. AMPK is activated by various cellular stresses that inhibit ATP production or stimulate ATP consumption. In addition to its role in metabolism, AMPK has recently been reported to reshape cells by regulating cell polarity and division.(More)
Heparin-binding EGF-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is first synthesized as a membrane-anchored form (proHB-EGF), and its soluble form (sHB-EGF) is released by ectodomain shedding from proHB-EGF. To examine the significance of proHB-EGF processing in vivo, we generated mutant mice by targeted gene replacement, expressing either an uncleavable form (HBuc) or a(More)
BACKGROUND CONTEXT Whole body vibration is an important factor contributing to low back and radicular pain. Vibratory loading as a mechanical stimulus is transferred to connective tissues as energy from ground reaction forces, as well as a direct input from the use of motorized tools and vehicles. Extracellular matrix degradation parallels increased age and(More)
Mechanical forces regulate the developmental path and phenotype of a variety of tissues and cultured cells. Vibratory loading as a mechanical stimulus occurs in connective tissues due to energy returned from ground reaction forces, as well as a mechanical input from use of motorized tools and vehicles. Structures in the spine may be particularly at risk(More)