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DNA-PK is a nuclear protein with serine/threonine kinase activity and forms a complex consisting of the DNA-PKcs and a heterodimer of Ku70 and Ku80 proteins. Recent laboratory experiments have demonstrated that the DNA-PK complex formation is one of the major pathways by which mammalian cells respond to DNA double-strand breaks induced by ionizing(More)
Hypoxia increases the invasive and metastatic potential of tumor cells. Increased expression of c-Met/hepatocyte growth factor (HGF)-receptor protein in response to hypoxia in thyroid papillary carcinomas is hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (HIF-1) dependent. Both HGF and c-Met are expressed in human salivary gland cancers. In the current study, we tested whether(More)
High expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is frequently observed in many solid tumor types including oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). Recently, the results of preclinical studies and early clinical trials targeting the EGFR have shown evidence of the activity. In this study, gefitinib ('Iressa', ZD1839), an EGFR-tyrosine kinase(More)
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) have been shown to display both positive and negative effects on tumor growth of various cancer. In this study, TAMs were immunohistochemically labeled using CD68 antibody in 82 oral cancer. Macrophage index (MI) were analyzed in association with clinical and pathological factors, intratumoral microvessel density (IMVD)(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), an inducible isoform of cyclooxygenase, is overexpressed in many types of malignant tumors, which in turn may stimulate tumor growth and protect against damage by irradiation or cytotoxic agents. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between the radiation sensitivity and elevated level of COX-2. Radiation(More)
PURPOSE As an approach to evaluate the expression pattern and status of activation of signaling pathways in clinical specimens from head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) patients, we established the Head and Neck Cancer Tissue Array Initiative, an international consortium aimed at developing a high-density HNSCC tissue microarray, with a high(More)
Previous studies have shown that low levels of p27(KIP1), an inhibitor of G1 cyclin-dependent kinases (CDK), are associated with high aggressiveness and poor prognosis in a variety of cancers. Decreased levels of p27(KIP1) are caused, at least in part, by an acceleration of degradation with Skp2 (S-phase kinase-associated protein 2) and Jab1 (Jun activation(More)
Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) A is known to play an important role in tumor angiogenesis. The additional members of the VEGF family, VEGF B, C and D have been discovered. VEGF C and D show some selectivity toward lymphatic endothelial cells. However, whether VEGF family members play a role in tumor angiogenesis and lymph node metastasis is(More)
High expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is frequently observed in many solid tumor types including oral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC). This study investigated whether treatment with gefitinib ('Iressa'), an EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor, would inhibit the metastatic spread in OSCC cells. This was evaluated using orthotopic xenografts(More)
The p14(ARF), p15(INK4B) and p16(INK4A) genes were localized to 9p21, where genetic alterations have been reported frequently in various human tumors. We performed a molecular analysis of the mechanism of inactivation in cell lines and 32 oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), using deletion screening, PCR-SSCP, methylation-specific-PCR and cycle sequencing.(More)