Satoru Morikawa

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Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are defined as cells that undergo sustained in vitro growth and can give rise to multiple mesenchymal lineages. Because MSCs have only been isolated from tissue in culture, the equivalent cells have not been identified in vivo and little is known about their physiological roles or even their exact tissue location. In this(More)
Although recent reports have described multipotent, self-renewing, neural crest-derived stem cells (NCSCs), the NCSCs in various adult rodent tissues have not been well characterized or compared. Here we identified NCSCs in the bone marrow (BM), dorsal root ganglia, and whisker pad and prospectively isolated them from adult transgenic mice encoding neural(More)
Platelet-derived growth factor receptor α (PDGFR-α) and stem cell antigen 1 (Sca-1) have recently been identified as selective markers of mouse mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). PDGFR-α(+)Sca-1(+) (PαS) MSCs have augmented growth potential and robust tri-lineage differentiation compared with standard culture-selected MSCs. In addition, the selective isolation(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are a heterogeneous subset of stromal stem cells isolated from many adult tissues. Previous studies reported that MSCs can differentiate to both mesodermal and neural lineages by a phenomenon referred to as ''dedifferentiation'' or ''transdifferentiation''. However, since MSCs have only been defined in vitro, much of their(More)
Spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) is a common neuromuscular disorder with autosomal recessive inheritance, resulting in the degeneration of motor neurons. The incidence of the disease has been estimated at 1 in 6000-10,000 newborns with a carrier frequency of 1 in 40-60. SMA is caused by mutations of the SMN1 gene, located on chromosome 5q13. The gene product,(More)
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC), a distinct type of adult stem cell, are easy to isolate, culture, and manipulate in ex vivo culture. These cells have great plasticity and potential for therapeutic application, but their properties are poorly understood because of their low frequency and the lack of knowledge on cell surface markers and their location of(More)
Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), which conventionally are isolated based on their adherence to plastic, are heterogeneous and have poor growth and differentiation, limiting our ability to investigate their intrinsic characteristics. We report an improved prospective clonal isolation technique and reveal that the combination of three cell-surface(More)
We previously reported the beneficial effect of administering an anti-mouse IL-6 receptor antibody (MR16-1) immediately after spinal cord injury (SCI). The purpose of our present study was to clarify the mechanism underlying how MR16-1 improves motor function after SCI. Quantitative analyses of inflammatory cells using flow cytometry, and(More)
Adipocyte differentiation requires a well-defined programme of gene expression in which the transcription factor C/EBPalpha (CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein) has a central function. Here, we show that Hzf (haematopoietic zinc-finger), a previously identified p53 transcriptional target, regulates C/EBPalpha expression. Hzf is induced during differentiation of(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the antibacterial activity of povidone-iodine (PVP-I) on an artificial dual species biofilm of periodontal pathogens. DESIGN Porphyromonas gingivalis or Fusobacterium nucleatum grown in broth culture was inoculated on polycarbonate membrane (PCM) tissue culture inserts. After incubation for 72 h, PVP-I solutions were applied to(More)