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OBJECTIVES We investigate how early adult and 20-year changes in modifiable cardiovascular risk factors (MRF) predict left atrial dimension (LAD) at age 43-55 years. METHODS The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study enrolled black and white adults (1985-1986). We included 2903 participants with echocardiography and MRF assessment(More)
Type 1 diabetes mellitus is classified as autoimmune (type 1A) or idiopathic (type 1B) (1). Fulminant type 1 diabetes is classified as type 1B, characterized by acute onset of diabetic ketoacidosis soon after the development of typical diabetes symptoms, near-normal HbA 1c level at onset, negative serum GAD antibody, and markedly acute progression of(More)
BACKGROUND We investigated race-ethnic and sex-specific relationships of left ventricular (LV) structure and LV function in African American and white men and women at 43 to 55 years of age. METHODS AND RESULTS The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study enrolled African American and white adults, age 18 to 30 years, from 4 US(More)
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