Satoru Joshita

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Current human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DNA typing methods such as the sequence-based typing (SBT) and sequence-specific oligonucleotide (SSO) methods generally yield ambiguous typing results because of oligonucleotide probe design limitations or phase ambiguity for HLA allele assignment. Here we describe the development and application of the super(More)
The interferon sensitivity determining region (ISDR) of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) and T-helper type 1 and type 2 (Th1/Th2) ratio were analyzed along with other host and viral factors for their ability to predict the response of patients with chronic hepatitis C to pegylated interferon alpha-2b (Peg-IFN) and ribavirin (RBV) combination therapy. A total of(More)
For the identification of susceptibility loci for primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC), a genome-wide association study (GWAS) was performed in 963 Japanese individuals (487 PBC cases and 476 healthy controls) and in a subsequent replication study that included 1,402 other Japanese individuals (787 cases and 615 controls). In addition to the most significant(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease of still unidentified genetic etiology that is characterized by chronic inflammation of the liver. Since cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA4) polymorphisms have recently been linked with PBC susceptibility in studies on Caucasians, we investigated the genetic(More)
BACKGROUND AND GOALS Reliable noninvasive biomarkers to assess the histologic activity of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) have not been established. As the frequency of Mallory bodies is known to be closely associated with the disease severity, we hypothesized that serum levels of Mallory body-related proteins were correlated with NAFLD histologic(More)
BACKGROUND We sought to clarify the associations among serum cytokines, amino acid substitutions in the interferon sensitivity-determining region (ISDR) and core region, and treatment outcome of pegylated interferon and ribavirin therapy in genotype 1 hepatitis C virus (HCV)-infected patients. METHODS We quantified a total of 8 serum cytokines before,(More)
A 33-year-old man presented with pain and palsy of the leg in 2008 for treatment of hepatocellular carcinoma with huge distant metastases. The patient's tumors had slowly enlarged despite several treatments. Oral administration of sorafenib at 800 mg/day with careful observation was commenced in 2009. Laboratory investigations on day 7 showed massive tumor(More)
To assess the degree of hepatic fat content, simple and noninvasive methods with high objectivity and reproducibility are required. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is one such candidate, although its accuracy remains unclear. We aimed to validate an MRI method for quantifying hepatic fat content by calibrating MRI reading with a phantom and comparing MRI(More)
IL28B single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with spontaneous and treatment-induced elimination of hepatitis C virus (HCV). To assess whether the IL28B rs8099917 SNP also affects the progression of chronic HCV infection, we genotyped 511 Japanese HCV patients, including 69 with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The T/T genotype of rs8099917 was(More)
Immunoglobulin (Ig) G4-associated autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a recently identified and possibly new disease entity. However, the epidemiology and clinical features of IgG4-associated AIH remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and the clinical, serological, and histological characteristics of IgG4-associated AIH. We(More)