Satoru Fukuyama

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Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS)3 is a major negative feedback regulator of signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT)3-activating cytokines. Transgenic mouse studies indicate that high levels of SOCS3 in T cells result in type 2 T helper cell (Th2) skewing and lead to hypersensitivity to allergic diseases. To define the physiological(More)
Neuromedin U (NMU) is a neuropeptide that is expressed in the gastrointestinal tract and central nervous system. NMU interacts with two G protein-coupled receptors, NMU-R1 and NMU-R2. Whereas NMU-R2 localizes predominantly to nerve cells, NMU-R1 is expressed in peripheral tissues including lymphocytes and monocytes, suggesting a role of NMU in(More)
Interleukin (IL)-13 induces important features of bronchial asthma such as eosinophilic infiltration, airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR), and mucus hypersecretion. Although glucocorticoids suppress airway inflammation and remain the most effective therapy for asthma, the effects of glucocorticoids on the IL-13-dependent features are unknown. We studied the(More)
T helper 2 cytokines, including interleukin (IL)-4, IL-5, and IL-13, play a critical role in allergic asthma. These cytokines transmit signals through the Janus kinase/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) and the Ras-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling pathways. Although the suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) family(More)
R apid advances in immunobiology, particularly the role of Th1/Th2 cells, have helped to improve our understanding of the inflammatory processes that mediate allergic asthma (1). Interactions between APCs and T cells appear to be the first steps in airway sensitization that ultimately lead to the generation of a Th2-type response. These T cell/APC(More)
The membrane microdomains known as lipid rafts have been shown to act as platforms for the initiation of various receptor signals. Through proteomic analysis, we have identified a novel protein termed Raftlin (raft-linking protein) as a major protein in lipid rafts. To determine the physiological and immunological functions of Raftlin in mammals, we(More)
RATIONALE Chloride channels have been implicated in the regulation of mucus production in epithelial cells. Expression of hCLCA1, a calcium-activated chloride channel, has been reported to be increased in the airway epithelium of patients with asthma. Interleukin (IL)-13 induces the cardinal features of bronchial asthma, and glucocorticoids are not(More)
BACKGROUND CD86-CD28 interaction has been suggested as the principal costimulatory pathway for the activation and differentiation of naïve T cells in allergic inflammation. However, it remains uncertain whether this pathway also has an essential role in the effector phase. We sought to determine the contribution of CD86 on dendritic cells in the(More)
BACKGROUND Clinical studies showed the contribution of viral infection to the development of asthma. Although mast cells have multiple roles in the pathogenesis of allergic asthma, their role of in the virus-associated pathogenesis of asthma remains unknown. Most respiratory viruses generate double-stranded (ds) RNA during their replication. dsRNA provokes(More)
BACKGROUND Airway viral infections cause the exacerbations of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. PD-L1, also known as B7-H1, is an immune-checkpoint molecule that plays a role in an escape mechanism of viruses from the host immune systems. This escape may be associated with the persistence of viral infection and the exacerbation of the(More)