Satomi Takahashi

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 A total of 400 yeast strains were examined for the ability to reduce ethyl 4-chloroacetoacetate (COBE) to ethyl 4-chloro-3-hydroxybutyrate (CHBE) by using acetone-dried cells in the presence of a coenzyme-recycling system in water/n-butyl acetate. We discovered some yeast strains that reduced COBE to (S)-CHBE. Heating of acetone-dried cells of the selected(More)
Stress induces secretion of corticosterone through activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis. This corticosterone secretion is thought to be controlled by a circadian clock in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). The hypothalamic paraventricular nucleus (PVN) receives convergent information from both stress and the circadian clock. Recent reports(More)
We reported previously that (S)-5-[3-[(1,4-benzodioxan-2-ylmethyl)amino]propoxy]-1,3-benzodioxole hydrochloride (MKC-242) (3 mg kg(-1), i.p.), a selective 5-HT(1A) receptor agonist, accelerated the re-entrainment of hamster wheel-running rhythms to a new 8 hr delayed or advanced light-dark cycle, and also potentiated the phase advance of the wheel-running(More)
Sonic hedgehog (Shh), one of the essential molecules for embryogenesis and organogenesis, is strongly expressed in the enamel knot, which represents the signaling center for odontogenesis due to the presence of essential secretory molecules. Here, we investigated the effects of Shh on ameloblast differentiation using a mouse ameloblast-lineage cell line(More)
N-Carbamoyl-d-α-amino acid amidohydrolase (d-carbamoylase) was found to distinguish stereochemistry not only at the α-carbon but also at the β-carbon of N-carbamoyl-d-α-amino acids. The enzyme selectively acted on one of the four stereoisomers of N-carbamoyl-α,β-diastereomeric amino acids. This simultaneous recognition of two chiral centers by(More)
Matrix extracellular phosphoglycoprotein (MEPE) is an extracellular matrix protein that is mainly expressed in mineralizing tissues, including the dental pulp. The purposes of this study were to clarify the localization of MEPE in the tooth germ and to investigate the roles of MEPE in the differentiation of odontoblasts. The immunohistochemical staining in(More)
We studied the cross-sectional relationship between GA and HbA1c in 142 type 2 diabetic patients who had an HbA1c level < 7.5% for at least one year without fluctuation by more than 0.5%. We also followed the changes of GA and HbA1c in 18 type 2 diabetic patients for 16 weeks as they progressed from untreated severe hyperglycemia (HbA1c > or = 9.0%) to good(More)
The ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, which degrades intracellular proteins, is involved in numerous cellular processes, including the supply of immunocompetent peptides to the antigen presenting machinery. Proteolysis by proteasomes is conducted by three beta subunits, beta1, beta2, and beta5, of the 20S proteasome. Recently, a novel beta subunit expressed(More)
1Department of Pathology, Hokkaido University Graduate School of Medicine, Sapporo; 2Faculty of Health Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo; 3Laboratory of Protein Metabolism, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Science, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo; 4Division of Molecular Bioregulation, Cancer Research Institute, Kanazawa University, Kanazawa; and(More)
In the representative gut bacterium Lactobacillus plantarum, we identified genes encoding the enzymes involved in a saturation metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids and revealed in detail the metabolic pathway that generates hydroxy fatty acids, oxo fatty acids, conjugated fatty acids, and partially saturated trans-fatty acids as intermediates.(More)