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Degradation of proteins that are retained in the quality control apparatus of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) has been attributed to a third proteolytic system, distinct from the lysosomal and the cytoplasmic ubiquitin-dependent proteosomal proteolytic pathways. However, several recent studies have shown that ER degradation of a mutant membrane protein,(More)
Apoptosis requires the activation of caspases (formerly interleukin 1beta-converting enzyme-like proteases), in particular those related to the caspase-3/7/6 subfamily. Recent data, however, revealed that, although caspase-specific inhibitors delay apoptosis, they are often incapable of preventing it. To obtain evidence for caspase-independent steps of(More)
The role of NF-kappa B in regulating FasL-mediated cytotoxicity was investigated by using lactacystin. Lactacystin is a microbial metabolite known to inhibit only the protease activity of the proteasome, which is required for NF-kappa B translocation. When activated by immobilized anti-CD3 monoclonal antibody, hybridoma T cells (5D5) degraded I kappa B(More)
Monoclonal non-specific suppressor factor beta (MNSFbeta) is a member of the ubiquitin-like family that has been implicated in various biological functions. Previous studies have demonstrated that MNSFbeta regulates the ERK1/2-MAPK cascade in the macrophage cell line Raw 264.7. In this study, we found evidence that the flavonol quercetin regulates the(More)
Lactacystin, a microbial metabolite that inhibits protease activity only in the proteasome, was used to study the role of the proteasome in the activation-induced cell death (AICD) of T cells. Lactacystin induces DNA fragmentation and apoptosis in a T cell hybridoma (DO.11. 10) in a dose-dependent manner. Between 1 and 10 microM, the mildly cytotoxic(More)
Rapamycin (RAPA) is a potent immunosuppressive drug, and certain of its direct or indirect targets might be of vital importance to the regulation of an immune response. In this study, we used differential hybridization to search for human genes whose expression was sensitive to RAPA. Seven RAPA-sensitive genes were found and one of them encoded a protein(More)
Hepatoma Hep3B cell lines stably expressing a temperature-sensitive p53 species (p53-Val-135) displayed a reduced response to interleukin-6 (IL-6) when cultured at the wild-type (wt) p53 temperature (Wang, L., Rayanade, R., Garcia, D., Patel, K., Pan, H., and Sehgal, P. B. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 23159-23165). We now report that in such cultures IL-6(More)
Transformed cells are exposed to heterogeneous microenvironments, including low D-glucose (Glc) concentrations inside tumours. The regulation of protein turnover is commonly impaired in many types of transformed cells, but the role of Glc in this regulation is unknown. In the present study we demonstrate that Glc controls protein turnover in ras-transformed(More)
The mechanisms by which growth factors trigger signal transduction pathways leading to the regulation of c-Fos expression are of great interest. In this study we investigated the effect of hepatocyte growth factor (HGF/SF) and epidermal growth factor (EGF) on the expression of c-fos and its product, c-Fos, in human epithelial cell line MKN74. The expression(More)