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The mossy fibers (MFs) arising from dentate granule cells project primarily onto a narrow segment of the proximal dendrites of hippocampal CA3 pyramidal cells. The mechanisms underlying this specific MF target selection are not fully understood. To investigate the cellular basis for development of the stereotyped MF trajectories, we have arranged the fascia(More)
The neurotoxic effects of tributyltin (TBT), an endocrine-disrupting chemical, were evaluated in organotypic slice cultures of immature rat hippocampus. Confocal microscopy study with propidium iodide showed that TBT induced severe neuronal death in a concentration- and time-dependent manner with CA3 > CA1 > dentate gyrus ranking of vulnerability of the(More)
The enzyme-linked immunospot (ELISPOT) assay is an efficient technique for the enumeration of single cells secreting antibodies and cytokines. For simultaneous differentiation of individual cells producing interleukin-2 (IL-2) and/or interleukin-4 (IL-4) at a single cell level, a dual color ELISPOT assay has been developed. In the present system, the red(More)
We investigated the effect of tributyltin (TBT), an endocrine-disrupting chemical, on the morphology and viability of cultured rat cortical astrocytes. Cultured astrocytes exhibited smooth and planiform morphology under normal conditions. Following exposure to TBT, however, they showed rapid morphological changes that are characterized by asteriated cell(More)
We investigated how p38alpha mitogen-activated protein kinase (p38) is related to kainate-induced epilepsy and neuronal damages, by using the mice with a single copy disruption of the p38 alpha gene (p38alpha(+/-)). Mortality rate and seizure score of p38alpha(+/-) mice administered with kainate were significantly reduced compared with the case of wild-type(More)
Published results for carotid endarterectomy (CEA) in symptomatic and asymptomatic severe carotid stenosis with diabetes mellitus (DM) are contradictory. To evaluate perioperative and long-term results of CEA in patients with DM, we retrospectively analyzed data of patients with or without DM who underwent CEA in our institute. Between January 2005 and(More)
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