Satomi Matsuoka

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Even in the absence of guidance cues, chemotactic cells are often spontaneously motile, which should accompany a spontaneous symmetry breaking inside the cells. A shallow chemoattractant gradient can induce these cells to move directionally without much change in cell morphology. As the gradient becomes steeper, the accuracy of chemotaxis increases. It is(More)
Single-molecule trajectories of molecules on the membrane of living cells have indicated the possibility that the lateral mobility of individual molecules is variable with time. Such temporal variation in mobility may indicate intrinsic kinetics of multiple molecular states. To clarify the mechanisms of signal processing on the membrane, quantitative(More)
Chemotactic cells can exhibit extreme sensitivity to chemical gradients. Theoretical estimations of the signal inputs required for chemotaxis suggest that the response can be achieved under the strong influence of stochastic input noise generated by the receptors during the transmembrane signaling. This arises a fundamental question regarding the mechanisms(More)
The molecular mechanisms that underlie asymmetric PTEN distribution at the posterior of polarized motile cells and regulate anterior pseudopod formation were addressed by novel single-molecule tracking analysis. Heterogeneity in the lateral mobility of PTEN on a membrane indicated the existence of three membrane-binding states with different diffusion(More)
PTEN, a tumor suppressor that is frequently mutated in a wide spectrum of cancers, exerts PI(3,4,5)P3 phosphatase activities that are regulated by its dynamic shuttling between the membrane and cytoplasm. Direct observation of PTEN in the interfacial environment can offer quantitative information about the shuttling dynamics, but remains elusive. Here we(More)
Using bioimaging technology, biologists have attempted to identify and document analytical interpretations that underlie biological phenomena in biological cells. Theoretical biology aims at distilling those interpretations into knowledge in the mathematical form of biochemical reaction networks and understanding how higher level functions emerge from the(More)
Allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is a curative therapy for various hematopoietic disorders. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) and infections are the major obstacles of HSCT, and their close relationship has been suggested. Although roles of bacterial and viral infections in the pathophysiology of GVHD are well described, impacts of(More)
To gain insight into the mechanistic features for aromatase inactivation by the typical suicide substrates, androsta-1,4-diene-3,17-dione (ADD, 1) and its 6-ene derivative 2, we synthesized 19-substituted (methyl and halogeno) ADD and 1,4,6-triene derivatives 8 and 10 along with 4,6-diene derivatives 9 and tested for their ability to inhibit aromatase in(More)
Beta-oxidation of long-chain fatty acids and branched-chain fatty acids is carried out in mammalian peroxisomes by a multifunctional enzyme (MFE) or D-bifunctional protein, with separate domains for hydroxyacyl coenzyme A (CoA) dehydrogenase, enoyl-CoA hydratase, and steroid carrier protein SCP2. We have found that Dictyostelium has a gene, mfeA, encoding(More)
A 22-year-old female was admitted for sustained high fever and diagnosed with systemic Epstein-Barr virus-positive T-cell lymphoproliferative disease. As her clinical course was so aggressive, she immediately underwent allogeneic myeloablative bone marrow transplantation from an HLA-mismatched sibling donor on hospital day 46. The patient has remained in(More)
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