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We investigated the expression of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) and the functional role of NCX in retinal damage by using NCX1-heterozygous deficient mice (NCX1(+/-)) and SEA0400 (2-[4-[(2,5-difluorophenyl)methoxy] phenoxy]-5-ethoxyaniline), a selective NCX inhibitor in vivo. We also examined the role of NCX in oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) stress with a(More)
Ca(2+)/cation antiporters catalyze the exchange of Ca(2+) with various cations across biological membranes to regulate cytosolic calcium levels. The recently reported structure of a prokaryotic Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX_Mj) revealed its overall architecture in an outward-facing state. Here, we report the crystal structure of a H(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger from(More)
Following rat hypoglossal nerve injury, expression of mRNAs for a disintegrin and metalloprotease with thrombospondin type1 motifs (ADAMTS-1) and IL-1 receptor type 1 (IL-1RT1) are induced in the injured motor neurons. Although N1E-115 (N1E) cells, which were treated with IL-1 alpha, showed no alteration of ADAMTS-1 mRNA expression, a substantial increase(More)
BACKGROUND For the contraction and relaxation of gastric smooth muscles to occur, the intracellular Ca(2+) concentration must be increased and decreased, respectively. The Na(+) /Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is a plasma membrane transporter that is involved in regulating intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations. METHODS To determine the role of NCX in(More)
BACKGROUND The Na(+) /Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) is a plasma membrane transporter involved in regulating intracellular Ca(2+) concentrations. NCX is critical for Ca(2+) regulation in cardiac muscle, vascular smooth muscle, and nerve fibers. However, little is known about the physiological role of NCX in the myenteric neurons and smooth muscles of the(More)
Bradykinin (BK) is produced and acts at the site of injury and inflammation. In the CNS, migration of microglia toward the lesion site plays an important role pathologically. In the present study, we investigated the effect of BK on microglial migration. Increased motility of cultured microglia was mimicked by B1 receptor agonists and markedly inhibited by(More)
Recently, YM-244769 (N-(3-aminobenzyl)-6-{4-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]phenoxy} nicotinamide) has been reported as a new potent and selective Na+/Ca2+ exchange (NCX) inhibitor by using various cells transfected with NCX using the 45Ca2+ fluorescent technique. However, the electrophysiological study of YM-244769 on NCX had not been performed in the mammalian(More)
The Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) is a plasma membrane transporter that is involved in regulating intracellular Ca2+ concentrations in various tissues. The physiological roles by which NCX influences gastrointestinal motility are incompletely understood, although its role in the heart, brain, and kidney has been widely investigated. In this study, we focused on(More)
Nicorandil, a hybrid of an ATP-sensitive K+ (KATP) channel opener and a nitrate generator, is used clinically for the treatment of angina pectoris. This agent has been reported to exert antiarrhythmic actions by abolishing both triggered activity and spontaneous automaticity in an in vitro study. It is well known that delayed afterdepolarizations (DADs) are(More)
Involvement of Na+/Ca2+ exchanger (NCX) in pentylenetetrazol (PTZ)-induced convulsion by use of NCX knockout mice and the selective ligand SEA0400 to NCX was examined. In the SEA0400-administered group, the latency to clonic convulsion was extended into 210 s, although the latency to clonic convulsion was observed until 100 s in control group. SEA0400 had(More)