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Adiponectin (Ad) is a hormone secreted by adipocytes that regulates energy homeostasis and glucose and lipid metabolism. However, the signaling pathways that mediate the metabolic effects of Ad remain poorly identified. Here we show that phosphorylation and activation of the 5'-AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) are stimulated with globular and full-length(More)
We investigated the properties and interaction domains of SN-6 [2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)benzyl]thiazolidine-4-carboxylic acid ethyl ester], a newly synthesized and selective Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange (NCX) inhibitor. SN-6 (0.3-30 microM) inhibited preferentially intracellular Na(+)-dependent (45)Ca(2+) uptake (i.e., the reverse mode) compared with extracellular(More)
SEA0400 is a potent and selective Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) inhibitor. We evaluated the inhibitory effects of SEA0400 on Na(+)(i)-dependent (45)Ca(2+) uptake and whole-cell Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange currents in NCX-transfected fibroblasts. SEA0400 preferentially inhibited (45)Ca(2+) uptake by NCX1 compared with inhibitions by NCX2, NCX3, and NCKX2. SEA0400(More)
KB-R7943 (2-[2-[4-(4-nitrobenzyloxy)phenyl]ethyl]isothiourea methanesulfonate) is a potent and selective Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange (NCX) inhibitor that is 3-fold more inhibitory to NCX3 than to NCX1 or NCX2. Here we searched for amino acid residues that may form the KB-R7943 receptor in the exchanger by analyzing the function of chimeras between NCX1 and NCX3(More)
1. To search for a possible role for endothelin-1 (ET-1) in deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt-induced hypertension, we examined changes in concentration of ET-1 in vascular and renal tissue in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats and evaluated the antihypertensive effect of the ETA receptor antagonist, FR139317. 2. There was an increase in aortic(More)
We investigated the expression of Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX) and the functional role of NCX in retinal damage by using NCX1-heterozygous deficient mice (NCX1(+/-)) and SEA0400 (2-[4-[(2,5-difluorophenyl)methoxy] phenoxy]-5-ethoxyaniline), a selective NCX inhibitor in vivo. We also examined the role of NCX in oxygen-glucose deprivation (OGD) stress with a(More)
Lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT) is the key enzyme in the esterification of plasma cholesterol and in the reverse cholesterol transport on high-density lipoprotein (HDL). We have found a novel LCAT-related gene among differentially expressed cDNA fragments between two types of foam cells derived from THP-1 cells, which are different in(More)
We investigated the pharmacological properties and interaction domains of N-(3-aminobenzyl)-6-{4-[(3-fluorobenzyl)oxy]phenoxy} nicotinamide (YM-244769), a novel potent Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchange (NCX) inhibitor, using various NCX-transfectants and neuronal and renal cell lines. YM-244769 preferentially inhibited intracellular Na(+)-dependent (45)Ca(2+) uptake(More)
Ca(2+)/cation antiporters catalyze the exchange of Ca(2+) with various cations across biological membranes to regulate cytosolic calcium levels. The recently reported structure of a prokaryotic Na(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger (NCX_Mj) revealed its overall architecture in an outward-facing state. Here, we report the crystal structure of a H(+)/Ca(2+) exchanger from(More)
Hypertension is the most prevalent risk factor for stroke, myocardial infarction, or end-stage renal failure. The critical importance of excess salt intake in the pathogenesis of hypertension is widely recognized, but the mechanisms whereby salt intake elevates blood pressure have puzzled researchers. Recent studies using Na+/Ca2+ exchange inhibitors and(More)