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Our confocal three-dimensional analyses revealed substantial differences in the innervation to vibrissal follicle-sinus complexes (FSCs) in the rat and cat. This is the first study using anti-protein gene product 9.5 (PGP9.5) immunolabeling and confocal microscopy on thick sections to examine systematically the terminal arborizations of the various FSC(More)
The distribution of central nerve fibers in the rat pineal complex was studied by means of fluorescence- and immunohistochemistry and electron microscopy. At 7 days after bilateral superior cervical ganglionectomy (SCG-X), blue-green fluorescent (catecholaminergic) fibers and tyrosine hydroxylase- and serotonin-immunoreactive fibers originating from the(More)
BACKGROUND Percutaneous transpedicular needle biopsy was performed on thoracic and lumbar vertebral bodies with a thin trocar (2.0 mm outer diameter) under observation with a conventional X-ray image intensifier in order to establish a correct histopathological diagnosis. We also evaluated the clinical validity of this less invasive diagnostic method in(More)
BACKGROUND Although the frequent occurrence of scoliosis in patients who have spastic cerebral palsy is well known and surgical treatment has often been recommended for these patients, little is known about the natural history of scoliosis in this population. We aimed to clarify the natural history of scoliosis from childhood through to adulthood and(More)
The authors describe their experience with 26 cases of thoracic myelopathy secondary to hypertrophic ossification of the spinal ligament (posterior longitudinal ligament and/or ligamentum flavum). The clinical manifestations of this condition and results of its surgical treatment are described. The commonest symptoms were numbness or tingling in the legs(More)
A characteristic dysfunction of the hand has been observed in various cervical spinal disorders when there is involvement of the spinal cord. There is loss of power of adduction and extension of the ulnar two or three fingers and an inability to grip and release rapidly with these fingers. These changes have been termed "myelopathy hand" and appear to be(More)
To justify lumbar fusion or stabilization, a quantitative assessment and definition of spinal instability are essential. To quantify spinal instability, the tensile stiffness of a motion segment (vertebra-disc-vertebra) was measured with a spinal distractor during spinal decompression surgery. Stiffness was indicated by the relationship between load and(More)
The size and distribution of pacinian corpuscles were investigated in the palmar aspect of both hands of the monkey, Macaca fuscata. Most pacinian corpuscles were located in the dermis (dermal type) and subcutaneous tissue (subcutaneous type) throughout the hand. On light microscopy there were no differences in the structure of these 2 types, although(More)
While the authors have often observed the hand presenting spastic dysfunction and deficient pain sensation in patients with cervical compression myelopathy, which has been termed "Myelopathy hand," they have occasionally seen a different type of myelopathy hand characterized by muscle wasting and motor dysfunction in patients with cervical spondylosis. This(More)
Paraplegia secondary to pulmonary surgery occurred in two patients because of epidural migration of hemostatic agents. Computerized tomography following myelography revealed the lesion clearly. Both patients achieved satisfactory neurological recovery through prompt diagnosis and treatment.