Satoko Yamada

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BACKGROUND Sweet taste receptor is expressed in the taste buds and enteroendocrine cells acting as a sugar sensor. We investigated the expression and function of the sweet taste receptor in MIN6 cells and mouse islets. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The expression of the sweet taste receptor was determined by RT-PCR and immunohistochemistry. Changes in(More)
Activin A is a differentiation factor for β-cells and is effective to promote β-cell neogenesis. Activin A is also an autocrine activator of pancreatic stellate cells, which play a critical role in fibrogenesis of the pancreas. Conophylline (CnP) is a natural compound, which reproduces the effect of activin on β-cell differentiation and promotes β-cell(More)
Diabetes mellitus is a metabolic disorder that affects millions of people. The number of patients suffering from diabetes continues to increase all over the world. Both type 1 and type 2 diabetes result from an inadequate mass of functioning beta cells. To achieve the ultimate goal of curing diabetes in the future, the mechanism of the regenerative process(More)
Adenovirus-mediated gene transfer of pancreatic duodenal homeobox transcription factor PDX-1, especially its super-active version (PDX-1/VP16), induces the expression of pancreatic hormones in murine liver and reverses streptozotocin-induced hyperglycemia. Histological analyses suggest that hepatocytes are the major source of insulin-producing cells by(More)
The present study was conducted to establish a method to induce differentiation of bone marrow (MB)-derived mesenchymal cells into insulin-producing cells. When mouse BM-derived mesenchymal cells were cultured for 60 days in medium containing 10% fetal calf serum and 25 mM glucose, they expressed insulin. Addition of activin A and betacellulin (BTC)(More)
The neurochemical phenotypes of the transient receptor potential melastatin-8 (TRPM8)-immunoreactive afferent neurons innervating the rat urinary bladder were examined by using a highly sensitive tyramide signal amplification method, combined with wheat-germ agglutinin-horseradish peroxidase (WGA-HRP) retrograde tracing. TRPM8-immunoreactivity was detected(More)
The present study was conducted to evaluate the role of conventional protein kinase C (PKC) in calcium-evoked insulin secretion. In rat beta cells transfected with green fluorescent protein-tagged PKC-alpha (PKC-alpha-EGFP), a depolarizing concentration of potassium induced transient elevation of cytoplasmic free calcium ([Ca(2)(+)](c)), which was(More)
Conophylline is a vinca alkaloid extracted from the tropical plant Ervatamia microphylla and has been shown to induce differentiation of pancreatic AR42J cells. In the present study, we investigated the effect of conophylline on the differentiation of pancreatic precursor cells. In the rat pancreatic rudiment in organ culture, conophylline inhibited the(More)
Previous studies have shown the efficacy of betacellulin (BTC) to promote beta-cell regeneration. Because of its short half-life, however, the effect of BTC may have been underestimated. This study was conducted to assess the effect of continuous administration of BTC on beta-cell regeneration. Adenovirus vectors encoding proBTC (Ad-proBTC) and mature BTC(More)
Betacellulin (BTC) is one of the members of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) ligand family of ErbB receptor tyrosine kinases. It is a differentiation factor as well as a potent mitogen. BTC promotes the differentiation of pancreatic acinar-derived AR42J cells into insulin-producing cells. It independently and preferentially binds to two type I tyrosine(More)