Satoko Kawauchi

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BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE Brain function is highly dependent on cerebral blood flow (CBF). The precise mechanisms by which blood flow is controlled by NIR laser irradiation on the central nervous system (CNS) have not been elucidated. In this study, we examined the effect of 808 nm laser diode irradiation on CBF in mice. STUDY DESIGN/MATERIALS AND METHODS(More)
Recently, the number of blast injuries of the inner ear has increased in the general population. In blast-induced inner ear injury, a shock wave (SW) component in the blast wave is considered to play an important role in sensorineural hearing loss. However, the mechanisms by which an SW affects inner ear tissue remain largely unknown. We aimed to establish(More)
PURPOSE In the orthotopic animal bladder tumor model noninvasive evaluation of the tumor establishment and the therapeutic effect has been difficult. To our knowledge we present the first diagnosis of orthotopic rat superficial bladder tumor model by ultrathin cystoscopy. MATERIALS AND METHODS The established AY-27 rat bladder carcinoma cell line was(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES We investigated the mechanism and characteristics of porcine myocardium tissue ablation in vitro with nanosecond 1,064- and 532-nm pulsed lasers at laser intensities up to approximately 5.0 GW/cm(2). Particular attention was paid to study the influence of the laser-induced plasma on the ablation characteristics. The applicability(More)
Noninvasive low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is neuroprotective, but the mechanism of this effect is not fully understood. In this study, the use of LLLT as a novel treatment for noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) is investigated. Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to intense noise and their right ears were irradiated with an 808nm diode laser at an output power(More)
A polymeric micelle (DPcZn/m) system, which is formed via an electrostatic interaction of anionic dendrimer phthalocyanine (DPcZn) and poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(l-lysine) block copolymers (PEG-b-PLL), was prepared for use as an effective photosensitizer for photodynamic therapy. DPcZn/m exhibited strong Q band absorption around 650 nm, a useful wavelength(More)
We performed the simultaneous measurement of intrinsic optical signals (IOSs) related to metabolic activity and cellular and subcellular morphological characteristics, i.e., light scattering for a rat global ischemic brain model made by rapidly removing blood by saline infusion. The signals were measured on the basis of multiwavelength diffuse reflectances(More)
Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy using a fiber optic probe is a promising technique for evaluating the optical properties of biological tissue. We herein present a method for determining the reduced scattering coefficient, μ's, the absorption coefficient, μa, and the tissue oxygen saturation, StO2, of in vivo brain tissue using a single-reflectance fiber(More)
PURPOSE PAD-S31 (13,17-bis (1-carboxypropion) carbamoylethyl-3-ethenyl-8-ethoxyiminoethylidene-7-hydroxy-2,7,12,18-tetramethyl-porphyrin sodium) (Photochemical Co., Ltd., Okayama, Japan), 1 of the latest second-generation photosensitizers, has hydrophilic characteristics and excitation wavelengths of around 670 nm. Using an orthotopic rat bladder tumor(More)
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is caused by complex mechanisms of systemic, local and cerebral responses to blast exposure. However, the molecular mechanisms of cognitive impairment after exposure to blast waves are not clearly known. We tested the hypothesis that thoracic injury induced functional and morphological impairment in the brain, leading to(More)