Satoko Hatakenaka

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Cytotoxic effects of L-glutamate and related compounds were investigated on rat glioma C6 cells in vitro. Within 12-24 h, addition of glutamate to the culture medium, resulted in degeneration of the C6 cells. The ED50 for glutamate-induced damage was about 4 mM. Seventeen structural analogues of glutamate, including agonists and antagonists for glutamate(More)
Antiserum against a protein (24,000 daltons, visinin) of chick retina has been provided for immunohistochemical study on the localization of visinin in chick retinae during development, as well as in various vertebrate retinae. The photoreceptor cells were stained with anti-visinin serum from 7th day embryonic retinae and its intensity was gradually(More)
Calbindin D-27 kDa (previously named vitamin D-CaBP or cholecalcin) and visinin present similitude both for their purification procedure and histochemical localization. We systematically compared by histochemistry calbindin and visinin immunoreactive structures in chick and pigeon retina, in rat cerebellum and kidney and in pigeon cerebellum. The calbindin(More)
Soluble proteins from the chick retina were analyzed at various developmental stages by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. A peptide of about 24,000 daltons (24 Kd protein) appeared in the 14-day embryo and gradually increased with embryonic age, maintaining a fairly steady level after hatching. Polypeptides which correspond to actin and tubulin,(More)
The localization of structures immunoreactive to various polypeptides and proteins in the retina of the river lamprey (Lampetra japonica) was investigated by means of an indirect immunohistofluorescence method. In the majority of frozen sections, a subpopulation of amacrine cells showed the immunoreactivity (IR) to one of the examined antisera against(More)
The distribution of visinin, a 24,000 dalton peptide, in the lower brain stem of the rat was examined by means of an indirect immunofluorescent method. Visinin-immunoreactive structures were found to be unevenly distributed only in the neuronal elements. The following neuronal systems were strongly labeled by the antiserum; the Purkinje cell system,(More)
The present study was designed to examine whether noradrenergic projections from the A1 cell group in the ventrolateral medulla to the median preoptic nucleus (MnPO) transmit information from the peripheral baroreceptors. In urethane-anesthetized male rats, extracellular concentrations of noradrenaline (NA) in the region of the MnPO in response to(More)
Electrical stimulation of the A1 noradrenergic region of the ventrolateral medulla produced synatic excitation (n = 19, 9%), inhibition (n = 5, 2%) or no effect (n = 184, 89%) in the activity of a total of 208 neurons in the subfornical organ (SFO) in male rats under urethane anesthesia. Almost all (n = 18) of the excitatory responses (n = 19) were blocked(More)
Microdialysis was employed to investigate whether gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptor mechanisms are involved in the regulation of noradrenaline (NA) release in the median preoptic nucleus (MnPO) in awake, freely moving rats. Perfusion with the GABA receptor antagonists as well as agonists was performed in the region of the MnPO through a microdialysis(More)
Previous observations have suggested that the noradrenergic system in the median preoptic nucleus (MnPO) is implicated in the regulation of body fluid balance and cardiovascular function. The present study was carried out to investigate whether water intake alters the release of noradrenaline (NA) in the MnPO area caused by hypovolemia in freely moving(More)