Learn More
Specific inhibitors of hyaluronan (HA) biosynthesis can be valuable therapeutic agents to prevent cancer invasion and metastasis. We have found previously that 4-methylumbelliferone (MU) inhibits HA synthesis in human skin fibroblasts and in group C Streptococcus. In this paper, the inhibition mechanism in mammalian cells was investigated using rat 3Y1(More)
Chondroitin 4-sulfotransferase (C4ST) catalyzes the transfer of sulfate from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate to position 4 of N-acetylgalactosamine residue of chondroitin. The enzyme has been previously purified to apparent homogeneity from the serum-free culture medium of rat chondrosarcoma cells (Yamauchi, A., Hirahara, Y., Usui, H., Takeda, Y.,(More)
Chondroitin 4-sulfotransferase (C4ST) catalyzes the transfer of sulfate from 3'-phosphoadenosine 5'-phosphosulfate to position 4 of the N-acetylgalactosamine residues of chondroitin. We previously reported the cloning of C4ST cDNA from mouse brain. We here report the cloning and expression of human C4ST cDNA. The cDNA was isolated from a human fetal brain(More)
By means of a temperature-sensitive mutant (ts85 strain), we have studied the effect of the decrease in H1 histone phosphorylation on DNA synthesis and chromosome condensation. When ts85 cells were incubated at 39 degrees C (nonpermissive temperature), the rate of H1 histone phosphorylation was decreased gradually and reached half that at 33 degrees C(More)
Several regions of the human mitochondrial genome are refractory to cloning in plasmid and bacteriophage DNA vectors. For example, recovery of recombinant M13 clones containing a 462 basepair MboI-Kpn I restriction fragment that spans nucleotide positions 15591 to 16053 of HeLa cell mitochondrial DNA was as much as 100-fold lower than the recovery of M13(More)
The mutagenic potentials of ethylmethane sulfonate, N-methyl-N'-nitrosoguanidine, and benzo(a)pyrene diol-epoxide in human mitochondria were determined by cloning and nucleotide sequencing of mitochondrial (mt) DNA from HeLa cells treated with these mutagens. Mutagen concentrations that reduced cell survival to approximately 0.1% of untreated cultures were(More)
Effects of DL-palmitoylcarnitine (PC), an inhibitor of calciumactivated, phospholipid-dependent protein kinase (protein kinase C), on 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-induced cell differentiation were investigated in human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60). TPA caused HL-60 cell adhesion concomitant with morphological changes, and an increase(More)
We found that YGR146C of Saccharomyces cerevisiae encodes a functional homolog of Ecl1 that is involved in the chronological lifespan of Schizosaccharomyces pombe. When YGR146C is overexpressed, it extends the viability of wild-type S. cerevisiae cells after entry into the stationary phase, as in the case of Ecl1. We propose that Ecl1 family proteins are(More)