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OBJECTIVES An undercharacterized subclass of pancreatic mucinous cysts without histologic characteristics of neoplasia is emerging. This article aimed to highlight the clinical characteristics and implications of this new subset of pancreatic cystic lesions. METHODS The clinical, radiologic, and pathologic features of all cysts that underwent operative(More)
Transplant arteriosclerosis is the hallmark of chronic allograft dysfunction (CAD) affecting transplanted organs in the long term. These fibroproliferative lesions lead to neointimal thickening of arteries in all transplanted allografts. Luminal narrowing then leads to graft ischemia and organ demise. To date, there are no known tolerance induction(More)
BACKGROUND Composite tissue transplantation effectively reconstructs the most complex defects, but its use is limited because of harmful immunosuppression and the high susceptibility of skin to rejection. Development of tolerance is an ideal solution, and protocols using regulatory T cells (Tregs) to achieve this have been promising in experimental animal(More)
Regulatory T cells (T(reg)) are currently being tested in clinical trials as a potential therapy in cell and solid organ transplantation. The immunosuppressive drug rapamycin has been shown to preferentially promote T(reg) expansion. Here, we hypothesized that adjunctive rapamycin therapy might potentiate the ability of ex vivo expanded human T(reg) to(More)
Adenocarcinoma is by far the most commonly diagnosed histologic subtype among prostate malignancies. Historically, there has been little awareness of the rare but lethal small cell carcinoma (SCC) in association with prostate cancer. Within the last decade, however, several reports have documented the existence of a neuroendocrine-like tumor arising from(More)
Immunological tolerance or functional unresponsiveness to a transplant is arguably the only approach that is likely to provide long-term graft survival without the problems associated with life-long global immunosuppression. Over the past 50 years, rodent models have become an invaluable tool for elucidating the mechanisms of tolerance to alloantigens.(More)
Regulatory T cells (T(regs)) manipulated ex vivo have potential as cellular therapeutics in autoimmunity and transplantation. Although it is possible to expand naturally occurring T(regs), an attractive alternative possibility, particularly suited to solid organ and bone marrow transplantation, is the stimulation of total T cell populations with defined(More)
BACKGROUND Human regulatory T cells (Treg) offer an attractive adjunctive therapy to reduce current reliance on lifelong, nonspecific immunosuppression after transplantation. Here, we evaluated the ability of ex vivo expanded human Treg to prevent the rejection of islets of Langerhans in a humanized mouse model and examined the mechanisms involved. (More)
We have developed a method to generate alloreactive regulatory T cells in vitro in the presence of interferon (IFN)-gamma and donor antigen presenting cells (APCs). We hypothesized that these IFN-gamma-conditioned T cells (Tcon) would reduce transplantation-associated arteriosclerosis. Tcon were generated from mouse (CBA.Ca, H-2(k)) CD4(+) T cells cultured(More)