Satish G. Kandlikar

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This paper provides a roadmap of development in the thermal and fabrication aspects of microchannels as applied in the microelectronics and other high heat-flux cooling applications. Microchannels are defined as flow passages that have hydraulic diameters in the range of 10 to 200 micrometers. The impetus for microchannel research was provided by the(More)
A simple correlation was developed earlier by Kandlikar (1983) for predicting saturated flow boiling heat transfer coefficients inside horizontal and vertical tubes. It was based on a model utilizing the contributions due to nucleate boiling and convective mechanisms. It incorporated a fluid-dependent parameter Ffl in the nucleate boiling term. The(More)
Roughness features on the walls of a channel wall affect the pressure drop of a fluid flowing through that channel. This roughness effect can be described by (i) flow area constriction and (ii) increase in the wall shear stress. Replotting the Moody's friction factor chart with the constricted flow diameter results in a simplified plot and yields a single(More)
A theoretical model is developed to describe the hydrodynamic behavior of the vaporliquid interface of a bubble at the heater surface leading to the initiation of critical heat flux (CHF) condition. The momentum flux resulting from evaporation at the bubble base is identified to be an important parameter. A model based on theoretical considerations is(More)
The flow boiling process suffers from severe instabilities induced due to nucleation of vapor bubbles in a superheated liquid environment in a minichannel or a microchannel. In an effort to improve the flow boiling stability, several modifications are introduced and experiments are performed on 1054 197 m parallel rectangular microchannels (hydraulic(More)
Flow boiling in miniand microchannels offer very high heat transfer capabilities and find applications in many emerging technologies, such as electronics cooling and fuel cells. The low flow rate employed in such geometries, coupled with the small flow channels, often results in a laminar flow with all flow as liquid. Since the single-phase flow with all(More)
The critical heat flux (CHF) limit is an important consideration in the design of most flow boiling systems. Before the use of microchannels under saturated flow boiling conditions becomes widely accepted in cooling of high-heat-flux devices, such as electronics and laser diodes, it is essential to have a clear understanding of the CHF mechanism. This must(More)
Flow boiling heat transfer in parallel minichannels and microchannels is one of the solutions proposed for cooling high heat flux systems. The associated increase in the pressure drop poses a problem that needs to be studied in detail before the small diameter channels can be implemented in practical systems. The pressure drop fluctuations and the flow(More)