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BACKGROUND Rice (Oryza sativa L.) is a highly drought sensitive crop, and most semi dwarf rice varieties suffer severe yield losses from reproductive stage drought stress. The genetic complexity of drought tolerance has deterred the identification of agronomically relevant quantitative trait loci (QTL) that can be deployed to improve rice yield under(More)
Rice is a staple cereal of India cultivated in about 43.5Mha area but with relatively low average productivity. Abiotic factors like drought, flood and salinity affect rice production adversely in more than 50% of this area. Breeding rice varieties with inbuilt tolerance to these stresses offers an economically viable and sustainable option to improve rice(More)
A large-effect QTL for grain yield under drought conditions (qtl12.1) was reported in a rice mapping population derived from Vandana and Way Rarem. Here, we measured the effect of qtl12.1 on grain yield and associated traits in 21 field trials: ten at IRRI in the Philippines and 11 in the target environment of eastern India. The relative effect of the QTL(More)
Drought is the most severe abiotic stress reducing rice yield in rainfed drought prone ecosystems. Variation in intensity and severity of drought from season to season and place to place requires cultivation of rice varieties with different level of drought tolerance in different areas. Multi environment evaluation of breeding lines helps breeder to(More)
 Pigeonpea, Cajanus cajan, is an important grain legume of Asia and Africa. The podfly, Melanagromyza obtusa, and the podborer, Helicoverpa armigera, are the major insect pests of this crop. An accession (JM 4147) of the wild species Cajanus scarabaeoides appears to possess resistance to these insect pests. For investigating the inheritance of resistance a(More)
Asian rice gall midge (Orseolia oryzae) is a major pest across much of south and southeast Asia. This pest is genetically diverse and many gall midge biotypes are known to exist in each country. During the last three decades, host plant resistance has proved to be the most effective mechanism of controlling the Asian rice gall midge. Seven genes(More)
Drought tolerance in rice is a complex trait collectively determined by numerous component traits. These traits are governed by many genes with huge environmental interactions, with low heritability, and thus are difficult to investigate. In this context, it is important to define the drought tolerance from practical point of view and design a screening(More)
A simple, rapid, and efficient method of leaf DNA extraction was optimized for PCR based Marker Assisted Selection (MAS) in rice. The procedure involved homogenization of leaves of 10-days old seedlings in the extraction buffer, followed by centrifugation. The supernatant was directly used for PCR. The isolated DNA had protein and RNA impurities. However,(More)
 A male-sterile plant was observed in the UPAS-120 cultivar of pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan). The plant was about 5–7 days late-flowering and had white translucent anthers with complete pollen sterility. The inheritance of this spontaneous male sterility was studied in a cross involving the mutant and fertile UPAS-120, including their F1, F2, BC1F1 and BC2F1(More)
Drought is the major constraint to rainfed rice productivity in South Asia, but few reports provide detailed characterization of the soil properties related to drought stress severity in the region. The aim of the study was to provide a compilation of drought breeding network sites and their respective levels of drought stress, and to relate soil parameters(More)
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