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In situ phosphorous MRS was employed to study the metabolites of normal and cancerous breasts, and the alterations of tumor response to therapy. In a group of 7 normal volunteers and 12 patients, the total mobile phosphate content of breast carcinomas was found to be at least two to three times higher than that of the normal breast measured off(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a progressive condition that begins with hemodynamic and/or structural changes in the left atrium (LA) and evolves through paroxysmal and persistent stages. Because of limitations with current noninvasive imaging techniques, the relationship between LA structure and function is not well understood. METHODS AND(More)
INTRODUCTION Though pulmonary vein (PV) isolation has been widely adopted for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF), recurrence rates remain unacceptably high with persistent and longstanding AF. As evidence emerges for non-PV substrate changes in the pathogenesis of AF, more extensive ablation strategies need further study. METHODS We modified our PV(More)
PURPOSE To develop an arrhythmia-insensitive rapid (AIR) cardiac T1 mapping pulse sequence for quantification of diffuse fibrosis. METHODS An arrhythmia-insensitive cardiac T1 mapping pulse sequence was developed based on saturation recovery T1 weighting, which is inherently insensitive to heart rate and rhythm, and two single-shot balanced steady-state(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows visualization of location and extent of radiofrequency (RF) ablation lesion, myocardial scar formation, and real-time (RT) assessment of lesion formation. In this study, we report a novel 3-Tesla RT -RI based porcine RF ablation model and visualization of lesion formation in the atrium during RF energy(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess acute ablation injuries seen on late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) immediately post-ablation (IPA) and the association with permanent scar 3 months post-ablation (3moPA). BACKGROUND Success rates for atrial fibrillation catheter ablation vary significantly, in part because of(More)
PURPOSE Delineation of volumes of interest for three-dimensional (3D) treatment planning is usually performed by contouring on two-dimensional sections. We explore the usage of segmentation-free volumetric rendering of the three-dimensional image data set for tumor and normal tissue visualization. METHODS AND MATERIALS Standard treatment planning computed(More)