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BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) is a progressive condition that begins with hemodynamic and/or structural changes in the left atrium (LA) and evolves through paroxysmal and persistent stages. Because of limitations with current noninvasive imaging techniques, the relationship between LA structure and function is not well understood. METHODS AND(More)
A novel technique called "k-t GRAPPA" is introduced for the acceleration of dynamic magnetic resonance imaging. Dynamic magnetic resonance images have significant signal correlations in k-space and time dimension. Hence, it is feasible to acquire only a reduced amount of data and recover the missing portion afterward. Generalized autocalibrating partially(More)
INTRODUCTION Though pulmonary vein (PV) isolation has been widely adopted for treatment of atrial fibrillation (AF), recurrence rates remain unacceptably high with persistent and longstanding AF. As evidence emerges for non-PV substrate changes in the pathogenesis of AF, more extensive ablation strategies need further study. METHODS We modified our PV(More)
BACKGROUND Atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation uses radiofrequency (RF) energy to induce thermal damage to the left atrium (LA) in an attempt to isolate AF circuits. This injury can be seen using delayed enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI). OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to describe DE-MRI findings of the LA in the acute and chronic(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) allows visualization of location and extent of radiofrequency (RF) ablation lesion, myocardial scar formation, and real-time (RT) assessment of lesion formation. In this study, we report a novel 3-Tesla RT -RI based porcine RF ablation model and visualization of lesion formation in the atrium during RF energy(More)
BACKGROUND Radiofrequency ablation is routinely used to treat cardiac arrhythmias, but gaps remain in ablation lesion sets because there is no direct visualization of ablation-related changes. In this study, we acutely identify and target gaps using a real-time magnetic resonance imaging (RT-MRI) system, leading to a complete and transmural ablation in the(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to assess acute ablation injuries seen on late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) immediately post-ablation (IPA) and the association with permanent scar 3 months post-ablation (3moPA). BACKGROUND Success rates for atrial fibrillation catheter ablation vary significantly, in part because of(More)
In magnetic resonance imaging, highly parallel imaging using coil arrays with a large number of elements is an area of growing interest. With increasing channel numbers for parallel acquisition, the increased reconstruction time and extensive computer memory requirements have become significant concerns. In this work, principal component analysis (PCA) is(More)
Experiments were performed to determine whether T2* and resonance frequency weighted MR images are sensitive to effects of hyperoxia on model tumors. Hyperoxia can increase tumor oxygen tension and thus affect T2* and/or the average resonance frequency within each image voxel due to the paramagnetism of oxygen itself or through modulation of the oxidation(More)
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) based approaches are supporting rapid advances in all phases of the management of atrial fibrillation (AF) patients, especially with the use of contrast agents and novel MRI acquisition techniques. In this report, we summarize briefly some recent advances in our use of MRI for AF management with special focus on the impact(More)