Sathanandam S Anand

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Deltamethrin (DLM) is a relatively potent and widely used pyrethroid insecticide. Inefficient detoxification has been proposed to be the primary reason for the greater sensitivity of immature rats to the acute neurotoxicity of DLM. The objective of this study was to test this hypothesis by characterizing the age dependence of DLM metabolism in vitro, as(More)
Deltamethrin, a widely used type II pyrethroid insecticide, is a relatively potent neurotoxicant. While the toxicity has been extensively examined, toxicokinetic studies of deltamethrin and most other pyrethroids are very limited. The aims of this study were to identify, characterize, and assess the relative contributions of esterases and cytochrome P450s(More)
The aim of the present study was to investigate the hypothesis that liver tissue repair induced by exposure to chloroform (CHCl(3))+trichloroethylene binary mixture (BM) is dose-dependent similar to that elicited by exposure to these compounds individually. Male Sprague-Dawley rats (250-300 g) received three dose combinations of binary mixture (74+250,(More)
The present study was designed to examine the hypothesis that liver tissue repair induced after exposure to chloroform (CF) + trichloroethylene (TCE) + allyl alcohol (AA) ternary mixture (TM) is dose-dependent similar to that elicited by exposure to these compounds individually. Male Sprague Dawley (S-D) rats (250–300 g) were administered with fivefold dose(More)
Deltamethrin (DLT) is a type II pyrethroid insecticide widely used in agriculture and public health. DLT is a potent neurotoxin that is primarily cleared from the body by metabolism. To better understand the dosimetry of DLT in the central nervous system, a physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) model for DLT was constructed for the adult, male(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of vitamin B6 against chromium (Cr)-induced oxidative stress. Adult male albino Wistar rats (100-120 g) were used in this study. Potassium dichromate, a Cr VI compound, was administered at a dose of 127 mg kg(-1) p.o. Vitamin B6 (pyridoxine hydrochloride) was administered at a dose of 100 mg kg(-1) p.o.(More)
The acute neurotoxicity of pyrethroid insecticides varies markedly with the dosage vehicle employed. The objective of the present study was to assess the influence of two common vehicles on the bioavailability and toxicokinetics (TK) of a representative pyrethroid insecticide, deltamethrin (DLM), to determine whether the vehicles influence toxic potency by(More)
The objectives of this study were twofold: (1) to characterize the toxicokinetics and dose-dependent systemic/tissue distribution of deltamethrin (DLM) over a range of doses in adult Sprague-Dawley (S-D) rats; (2) to provide comprehensive time course blood and tissue data for development of a physiologically based toxicokinetic (PBTK) model for DLM. DLM is(More)
As a part of mixture toxicity studies, the objective of the present investigation was to validate the hypothesis that the rate and extent of liver tissue repair response to a given dose determines the end result of toxicity (death or recovery), regardless of the mechanisms by which injury is inflicted, using a well-known environmental pollutant, chloroform(More)
The aims of the present study were to characterize the subchronic toxicity of chloroform by measuring tissue injury, repair, and distribution of chloroform and to assess the reasons for the development of tolerance to subchronic chloroform toxicity. Male Swiss Webster (SW) mice were given three dose levels of chloroform (150, 225, and 300 mg/kg/day) by(More)