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Triterpenoids isolated and characterized from various sources are reviewed. The newer spectroscopic techniques used in their structure elucidation, the new skeleta characterized, their total chemical synthesis, and their biosynthesis are discussed. A compilation of the triterpenoids isolated during the period 1990-1994 along with their occurrence, physical(More)
Besides isolation and characterization of isorhamnetin-3-O-rutinoside, isorhamnetin-3-O-glucopyranoside and taraxasteryl acetate, a new flavonol trisaccharide was isolated from the aerial parts of Calotropis gigantea, and its structure was established as isorhamnetin-3-O-[2-O-beta-D-galactopyranosyl-6-O-alpha-L-rhamnopy ranosyl]- beta-D-glucopyranoside by a(More)
Jasmonic acid (JA) signaling pathway in plants is activated against various developmental processes as well as biotic and abiotic stresses. The Jasmonate ZIM-domain (JAZ) protein family, the key regulator of plant JA signaling pathway, also participates in phytohormone crosstalk. This is the first study revealing the in vivo interactions of finger millet(More)
The dicarbonyl compound methylglyoxal is a natural constituent of Manuka honey produced from Manuka flowers in New Zealand. It is known to possess both anticancer and antibacterial activity. Such observations prompted to investigate the ability of methylglyoxal as a potent drug against multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A total of 12 test P.(More)
Coeloginanthridin, a 9,10-dihydrophenanthrene derivative, and coeloginanthrin, the corresponding phenanthrene analogue, were isolated from the orchid Coelogyne cristata which earlier afforded coelogin (1a) and coeloginin (1b). The structures of coeloginanthridin and coeloginanthrin were established as 3,5,7-trihydroxy-1,2-dimethoxy-9,10-dihydrophenanthrene(More)
Agrostophyllinol and agrostophyllinone, two new triterpenoids, were isolated from the orchid Agrostophyllum brevipes. Agrostophyllinone was also isolated from another orchid Agrostophyllum callosum. The structures of agrostophyllinol and agrostophyllinone were established as 24-methylene-lanosta-9(11)-en-3beta-ol (5a) and 24-methylene-lanosta-9(11)-en-3-one(More)
Programmed cell death, or apoptosis, corresponds to a sequence of intracellular events that lead to cell death. It has been shown that apoptosis is necessary in some physiological conditions such as embryogenesis, homeostasis of the immune system, erythropoiesis, etc. Some xenobiotics can induce apoptosis at lower doses and necrosis at higher doses. When a(More)
Ragi bifunctional inhibitor (RBI) of finger millet (Eleusine coracana Gaertn.) inhibits both α-amylase and trypsin simultaneously. It is for the first time the rbi gene was cloned from Eleusine coracana (GPU 28) seeds in pET22b(+) vector and sequenced (GenBank Accession No. DQ 494211). It was functionally expressed in E. coli Rosetta2(DE3) expression host(More)
Ragi bifunctional α-amylase-trypsin inhibitor (RBI) of Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn. (finger millet) simultaneously inhibits α-amylase and trypsin. In continuation of previous work on the cloning, expression and characterization of RBI, a bidirectional promoter from finger millet was explored on the basis of experimental observations. Two trypsin(More)
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