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In certain species of moths and butterflies iridescent colours arise from subwavelength diffractive structures. The optical properties of such a structure depend strongly on wavelength, incidence angle and state of polarization of illuminating radiation and on the viewing angle. Such structures can be analyzed only by solving Maxwell's equations, but since… (More)
We introduce a new implementation of the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) algorithm with recursive convolution (RC) for first-order Drude metals. We implemented RC for both Maxwell's equations for light polarized in the plane of incidence (TM mode) and the wave equation for light polarized normal to the plane of incidence (TE mode). We computed the… (More)
We propose using blazed gratings in the resonance domain with period larger than the wavelength for anti-reflection and polarization selection. The inherent problem in this region is wavelength dispersion, which is solved by analyzing the total reflectivity and electric field distribution. The positional relationship between the area of strong electric… (More)
Multilayered wire-grid polarizers (WGP) find application as low-reflection polarizers in projection-type liquid crystal display devices. We describe a design method for multilayered WGPs based on a monochromatic recursive convolution finite-difference time-domain algorithm. The goal is to identify suitable materials and thicknesses for the additional layers… (More)
The nonstandard (NS) finite difference time domain (FDTD) algorithm delivers high accuracy on a coarse numerical grid, but in many problems the dominant source of error is the representation of objects on the grid. The error due to the representation is especially large near resonances. In this paper we address some methods to reduce representation error… (More)
We propose a combination of ray optics and Fraunhofer multiple-slit diffraction theory for calculating the two-dimensional triangular periodic grating in the resonance domain. The peak of the envelope pattern of angular distribution of diffraction efficiency is calculated by ray optics while the peak width is calculated using Fraunhofer theory. It was… (More)
SUMMARY We designed multilayer wavelength-selective reflector films by stacking thin-films of transparent polymer. The optimum structure of the multilayer is determined using a combination of characteristic matrix method and a version of genetic algorithm. Such multilayer films can be used in LCD devices to enhance the color saturation of the display.
We introduce a new high accuracy second-order finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) algorithm based on non-standard finite differences, and use it to investigate light propagation in subwavelength structures such as photonic crystals.