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Bortezomib therapy has proven successful for the treatment of relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (MM); however, prolonged treatment is associated with toxicity and development of drug resistance. Here, we show that the novel proteasome inhibitor NPI-0052 induces apoptosis in MM cells resistant to conventional and Bortezomib therapies. NPI-0052 is(More)
PURPOSE In the current study, we examine the effects of a novel proteasome inhibitor, NPI-0052 (salinosporamide A), on proteasome function and nuclear factor-kappaB activation and evaluate its ability to enhance treatment response in colon cancer xenografts when administered orally. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN The effects of treatment on nuclear factor-kappaB(More)
PURPOSE Plinabulin (NPI-2358) is a vascular disrupting agent that elicits tumor vascular endothelial architectural destabilization leading to selective collapse of established tumor vasculature. Preclinical data indicated plinabulin has favorable safety and antitumor activity profiles, leading to initiation of this clinical trial to determine the(More)
MHC class II molecules carry the restriction determinants (RDs) for antigen presentation to antigen-specific Th lymphocytes. This restriction of T cell activation endows those molecules with a key role in the induction and regulation of antigen-specific immune responses. Moreover, class II molecules are the products of class II immune response (Ir) genes.(More)
Terpenoids constitute a large family of natural steroids that are widely distributed in plants and insects. We investigated the effects of a series of diterpenes structurally related to acanthoic acid in macrophage functions. We found that diterpenes with different substitutions at the C4 position in ring A are potent activators of liver X receptors(More)
NB1011, a phosphoramidate derivative of (E)-5-(2-bromovinyl)-2'-deoxyuridine, is a novel small molecule anticancer agent. NB1011 is selectively active against tumor cells expressing high levels of thymidylate synthase (TS), a critical enzyme in DNA biosynthesis. NB1011 is different from the current TS-targeted drugs, which require inhibition of TS to be(More)
NB1011, a novel anticancer agent, targets tumor cells expressing high levels of thymidylate synthase (TS). NB1011 is converted intracellularly to bromovinyldeoxyuridine monophosphate (BVdUMP) which competes with the natural substrate, deoxyuridine monophosphate, for binding to TS. Unlike inhibitors, NB1011 becomes a reversible substrate for TS catalysis.(More)
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