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Bortezomib therapy has proven successful for the treatment of relapsed and/or refractory multiple myeloma (MM); however, prolonged treatment is associated with toxicity and development of drug resistance. Here, we show that the novel proteasome inhibitor NPI-0052 induces apoptosis in MM cells resistant to conventional and Bortezomib therapies. NPI-0052 is(More)
Plinabulin (11, NPI-2358) is a potent microtubule-targeting agent derived from the natural diketopiperazine "phenylahistin" (1) with a colchicine-like tubulin depolymerization activity. Compound 11 was recently developed as VDA and is now under phase II clinical trials as an anticancer drug. To develop more potent antimicrotubule and cytotoxic derivatives(More)
A large fraction of pediatric pre-B acute lymphoblastoid leukemias (ALL) consistently contain a t(1;19) chromosomal translocation. The t(1;19) translocation results in the production of a chimeric transcription factor containing the N-terminal transactivation domain of E2A fused to the C-terminal DNA-binding homeodomain of Pbx1. Here, we show that the(More)
The proteasome has emerged as an important clinically relevant target for the treatment of hematologic malignancies. Since the Food and Drug Administration approved the first-in-class proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (Velcade) for the treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma (MM) and mantle cell lymphoma, it has become clear that new inhibitors are(More)
A strain of Streptomyces nodosus (NPS007994) isolated from a marine sediment collected in Scripps Canyon, La Jolla, California, was found to produce lajollamycin (1), a nitro-tetraene spiro-beta-lactone-gamma-lactam antibiotic. The structure was established by complete analysis of spectroscopic data and comparison with known antibiotics oxazolomycin (2),(More)
PURPOSE Combining proteasome and histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibition has been seen to provide synergistic anti-tumor activity, with complementary effects on a number of signaling pathways. The novel bi-cyclic structure of marizomib with its unique proteasome inhibition, toxicology and efficacy profiles, suggested utility in combining it with an HDAC(More)
In vitro experiments have demonstrated intercellular trafficking of the VP22 tegument protein of herpes simplex virus type 1 from infected cells to neighboring cells, which internalize VP22 and transport it to the nucleus. VP22 also can mediate intercellular transport of fusion proteins, providing a strategy for increasing the distribution of therapeutic(More)
The Hox gene products are DNA-binding proteins, containing a homeodomain, which function as a class of master control proteins establishing the body plan in organisms as diverse as Drosophila and vertebrates. Hox proteins have recently been shown to bind cooperatively to DNA with another class of homeodomain proteins that include extradenticle, Pbx1, and(More)
The diketopiperazine NPI-2358 is a synthetic analog of NPI-2350, a natural product isolated from Aspergillus sp., which depolymerizes microtubules in A549 human lung carcinoma cells. Although structurally different from the colchicine-binding site agents reported to date, NPI-2358 binds to the colchicine-binding site of tubulin. NPI-2358 has potent in-vitro(More)
Salinosporamide A ( 1 (NPI-0052)) is a potent, monochlorinated 20S proteasome inhibitor in clinical trials for the treatment of cancer. To elucidate the role of the chlorine leaving group (LG), we synthesized analogues with a range of LG potentials and determined their IC 50 values for inhibition of chymotrypsin-like (CT-L), trypsin-like (T-L), and(More)