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Several neurotrophic factors have been identified that influence neuronal populations during central nervous system development, maturation, and senescence. To examine the responsiveness of the intact and the lesioned adult mammalian spinal cord to neurotrophic factors, primary rat fibroblasts were genetically modified to produce and secrete human nerve(More)
Several potent and selective A2A adenosine receptor agonists are currently available. These compounds have a high affinity for the A2A receptor and a long duration of action. However, in situations where a short duration of action is desired, currently available A2A receptor agonists are less than ideal. From a series of recently synthesized A2A receptor(More)
Neurotrophic factors are molecules that prevent neuronal degeneration and regulate neuronal phenotype during either development or adulthood. Relatively little is known about the comparative responsiveness of injured adult central nervous system motor neurons to various neurotrophic factors. In the present study we examined the effects of four members of(More)
Retinol and its metabolites (retinoids) are essential for growth and cell differentiation, particularly of epithelial tissue. Retinoids mediate most of their function via interaction with retinoid receptors (retinoic acid receptors and retinoid X receptors), which act as ligand-activated transcription factors controlling the expression of a number of target(More)
Compound 20 (CVT-3146--a 2-[(N-1-(4-N-methylcarboxamidopyrazolyl)] adenosine derivative) and compound 31 (CVT-3033--a 2-[(4-(1-N-pentylpyrazolyl)] adenosine derivative), were found to be short acting functionally selective coronary vasodilators (CV t0.5 = 5.2 +/- 0.2 and 3.4 +/- 0.5 min, respectively--rat isolated heart 50% reversal time) with good potency(More)
Retinoids are essential for growth and cell differentiation of epithelial tissues. The effects of the food compounds phytol, the phytol metabolite phytanic acid, and the fatty acid docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) on the retinoid signaling pathway in intestinal cells were studied. Phytol inhibited the formation of all-trans-retinoic acid (RA) from dietary retinol(More)
Retinoids mediate most of their function via interaction with retinoid receptors [retinoic acid receptors (RARs) and retinoid X receptors (RXRs)], which act as ligand-activated transcription factors controlling the expression of a number of target genes. The complex mechanistic pattern of retinoid-induced effects on gene expression of CYP26 and intestinal(More)
Fc receptors (FcR) are expressed on immune cells and bind to the Fc tail of antibodies. This interaction is essential for FcR-mediated signaling and triggering of cellular effector functions. FcR activation is tightly regulated to prevent immune responses by non-antigen bound antibodies or in the absence of 'danger signals'. FcR activity may be modulated at(More)
Monomeric IgA has been proposed as an alternative antibody format for cancer therapy. Here, we present our studies on the production, purification and functional evaluation of anti-HER2 IgA antibodies as anti-cancer agents in comparison to the anti-HER2 IgG1 trastuzumab. MALDI-TOF MS analysis showed profound differences in glycosylation traits across the(More)
Antibodies of IgA isotype effectively engage myeloid effector cells for cancer immunotherapy. Here, we describe preclinical studies with an Fc engineered IgA2m(1) antibody containing the variable regions of the EGFR antibody cetuximab. Compared with wild-type IgA2m(1), the engineered molecule lacked two N-glycosylation sites (N166 and N337), two free(More)