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A procedure for markerless mutagenesis gene deletions was developed for the moderately halophilic model strain Halobacillus halophilus. Gene transfer was achieved by protoplast fusion and allelic replacement by a two-step procedure. In the first step the non-replicating plasmid integrated over the upstream or the downstream region of the target gene or(More)
The amino acid proline is not only synthesized as a compatible solute but also used as a carbon and energy source by the moderately halophilic bacterium Halobacillus halophilus. Growth on proline was not affected by the salinity of the medium. Proline was degraded by proline dehydrogenase (ProDH) and Δ(1) -pyrroline-5-carboxylate dehydrogenase (P5CDH) to(More)
We performed the chemical mutagenesis of Halobacillus halophilus (the producer of a C(30) carotenoid, methyl glucosyl-3,4-dehydro-apo-8'-lycopenoate) to isolate novel carotenoids that are biosynthetic intermediates of methyl glucosyl-3,4-dehydro-apo-8'-lycopenoate. As a result, we isolated two novel C(30) carotenoids, hydroxy-3,4-dehydro-apo-8'-lycopene and(More)
Inhibitor studies and mutant analysis revealed a C30 pathway via 4,4′-diapophytoene and 4,4′-diaponeurosporene to 4,4′-diaponeursoporene-4-oic acid esters related to staphyloxanthin in Halobacillus halophilus. Six genes may be involved in this biosynthetic pathway and could be found in two adjacent gene clusters. Two genes of this pathway could be(More)
Halobacillus halophilus, a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from salt marshes, produces various compatible solutes to cope with osmotic stress. Glutamate and glutamine are dominant compatible solutes at mild salinities. Glutamine synthetase activity in cell suspensions of Halobacillus halophilus wild type was shown to be salt dependent and chloride(More)
The lipid composition of Halobacillus halophilus was investigated by combined thin-layer chromatography and matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry analyses of the total lipid extract. Main polar lipids were found to be sulfoquinovosyldiacylglycerol and phosphatidylglycerol, while cardiolipin was a minor lipid together(More)
In their natural environments, moderately halophilic bacteria are confronted not only with high salinities but also with low oxygen tensions due to the high salinities. The growth of H. halophilus is strictly aerobic. To analyze the dependence of respiration on the NaCl concentration and oxygen availability of the medium, resting cell experiments were(More)
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