Saskia Gerards

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Marram grass (Ammophila arenaria L.), a sand-stabilizing plant species in coastal dune areas, is affected by a specific pathosystem thought to include both plant-pathogenic fungi and nematodes. To study the fungal component of this pathosystem, we developed a method for the cultivation-independent detection and characterization of fungi infecting plant(More)
Chemolithotrophic nitrifying bacteria are dependent on the presence of oxygen for the oxidation of ammonium via nitrite to nitrate. The success of nitrification in oxygen-limited environments such as waterlogged soils, will largely depend on the oxygen sequestering abilities of both ammonium- and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria. In this paper the oxygen(More)
The isolation and annotation of an 8994-bp DNA fragment from Pseudomonas putida 1290, which conferred upon P. putida KT2440 the ability to utilize the plant hormone indole 3-acetic acid (IAA) as a sole source of carbon and energy, is described. This iac locus (for indole 3-acetic acid catabolism) was identified through analysis of a plasposon mutant of P.(More)
Relatively high most probable number (MPN) counts of chemolithotrophic nitrite oxidizers were present in water-saturated soils compared with MPNs and activity of ammonia oxidizers. These high numbers of nitrite oxidizers were confirmed by fluorescent antibody counts and potential activity measurements. Application of different nitrite concentrations in the(More)
Chemolithotrophic ammonium- and nitrite-oxidizing bacteria are dependent on the presence of oxygen for the production of nitrite and nitrate, respectively. In oxygen-limited environments, they have to compete with each other as well as with other organotrophic bacteria for the available oxygen. The outcome of the competition will be determined by their(More)
The effects of nitrate availability and the presence of Glyceria maxima on the composition and activity of the dissimilatory nitrate-reducing bacterial community were studied in the laboratory. Four different concentrations of NO(inf3)(sup-), 0, 533, 1434, and 2,905 (mu)g of NO(inf3)(sup-)-N g of dry sediment(sup-1), were added to pots containing freshwater(More)
To date, most interventions aimed at preventing obesity have underemphasized the application of systematic intervention development, implementation and evaluation. The present review provides a thorough insight in factors promoting implementation and/or effectiveness in interventions aimed at preventing overweight/obesity among adults. A total of 46 studies(More)
 The dynamics of culturable chitin-degrading microorganisms were studied during a 16-week incubation of chitin-amended coastal dune soils that differed in acidity. Soil samples were incubated at normal (5% w/w) and high (15% w/w) moisture levels. More than half of the added chitin was decomposed within 4 weeks of incubation in most soils. This rapid(More)
The influence of growth rate, the presence of acetate and variation in the dissolved oxygen concentration on the kinetics of nitrite oxidation was studied in suspensions of intact cells of Nitrobacter winogradskyi and Nitrobacter hamburgensis. The cells were grown in nitrite-limited chemostats at different dilution rates under chemolithotrophic and(More)
There is increasing evidence that volatile organic compounds (VOCs) play an important role in the interactions between fungi and bacteria, two major groups of soil inhabiting microorganisms. Yet, most of the research has been focused on effects of bacterial volatiles on suppression of plant pathogenic fungi whereas little is known about the responses of(More)