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We reviewed the preliminary advances in laparo-endoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) as applied to renal surgery, and analyzed current publications based on animal models and human patients. We searched published reports in major urological meeting abstracts, Embase and Medline (1966 to 25 August 2008), with no language restrictions. Keyword searches(More)
Although the advantages of laparoscopic surgery are well documented, one disadvantage is that, for optimum performance, an experienced camera driver is required who can provide the necessary views for the operating surgeon. In this paper we describe our experience with urological laparoscopic techniques using the novel EndoAssist robotic camera holder and(More)
The quest to make minimally invasive techniques even more 'minimal' has generated a drive within the surgical community to explore novel ways of achieving this. This has led to surgeons attempting to either decrease the number of trocars placed through the abdominal wall or eliminate them completely. This led to the evolution of several approaches,(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW The management of urethral trauma remains controversial. The purpose of this review is to provide a concise account of the patterns of urethral injury and the current trends of its immediate management. RECENT FINDINGS Recent studies have identified types of pelvic fractures associated with a higher risk of urethral injury. Recognition(More)
The oral phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors have made a valuable contribution to the treatment of erectile dysfunction (ED). PDE5 inhibitors enhance cavernosal smooth muscle relaxation, vasodilatation and penile erection. However, PDE5 inhibitors are not always effective. Decreased efficacy, cost, incorrect administration, lack of sexual(More)
OBJECTIVE To present the UK experience to date with laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) simple nephrectomy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Five female patients underwent LESS nephrectomy; three procedures were carried out with the umbilicus as the port of entry (U-LESS). RESULTS All cases were completed uneventfully. The operative duration was 45-150 min(More)