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The mammalian cyclin-dependent kinase 8 (cdk8) gene has been linked with a subset of acute lymphoblastic leukaemias, and its corresponding protein has been functionally implicated in regulation of transcription. Mammalian cdk8 and cyclin C, and their respective yeast homologues, Srb10 and Srb11, are components of the RNA polymerase II holoenzyme complex(More)
An array of tandem heptapeptide repeats at the carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of the largest subunit of RNA polymerase II constitute a highly conserved structure essential for viability. Studies have established that the CTD is phosphorylated at different stages of the transcription cycle, and that it may be involved in transcriptional regulation. The exact(More)
TFIIH is a multisubunit complex, containing ATPase, helicases, and kinase activities. Functionally, TFIIH has been implicated in transcription by RNA polymerase II (RNAPII) and in nucleotide excision repair. A member of the cyclin-dependent kinase family, CDK7, is the kinase subunit of TFIIH. Genetically, CDK7 homologues have been implicated in(More)
Promoter-proximal stalling, a general phenomenon observed during the expression of many RNA polymerase II transcribed genes, is dependent on transcription factor IIH (TFIIH). Reactions lacking TFIIH initiated transcription, but the transcription complex encountered a block to elongation proximal to the promoter. The accumulation of promoter-proximal stalled(More)
Transcription factor IIH (TFIIH) is a multisubunit complex required for transcription and for DNA nucleotide excision repair. TFIIH possesses three enzymatic activities: (i) an ATP-dependent DNA helicase, (ii) a DNA-dependent ATPase, and (iii) a kinase with specificity for the carboxyl-terminal domain of RNA polymerase II. The kinase activity was recently(More)
Inherited mutations of the TFIIH helicase subunits xeroderma pigmentosum (XP) B or XPD yield overlapping DNA repair and transcription syndromes. The high risk of cancer in these patients is not fully explained by the repair defect. The transcription defect is subtle and has proven more difficult to evaluate. Here, XPB and XPD mutations are shown to block(More)
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