We retrospectively evaluated predictors of conversion to multiple sclerosis (MS) in 357 children with isolated optic neuritis (ON) as a first demyelinating event who had a median follow-up of 4.0 years. Multiple Cox proportional-hazards regressions revealed abnormal cranial magnet resonance imaging (cMRI; hazard ratio [HR] = 5.94, 95% confidence interval… (More)
To investigate whether laser acupuncture is efficacious in children with headache and if active laser treatment is superior to placebo laser treatment in a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of low level laser acupuncture in 43 children (mean age (SD) 12.3 (+/-2.6) years) with headache (either migraine (22 patients) or tension… (More)
INTRODUCTION The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of arginine-vasopressin (AVP) as a rescue therapy in catecholamine-refractory septic and non-septic shock in extremely low birth weight (ELBW) infants with acute renal injury. METHODS Prospective assessment of AVP therapy in three ELBW infants with catecholamine-refractory septic shock and… (More)
Based on the two-dimensional stationary Oseen equation we consider the problem to determine the shape of a cylindrical obstacle immersed in a uid ow from a knowledge of the uid velocity on some arc outside the obstacle. First, we obtain a uniqueness result for this ill-posed and nonlinear inverse problem. Then, for the approximate solution we propose a… (More)
We report on a newborn with a large, high parieto-frontally located mass after vacuum extraction. Imaging methods revealed a large subcutaneous collection of cerebrospinal fluid and hemorrhage. Traumatic dura lesions should be considered in neonates presenting with a large head lump after assisted delivery with vacuum extraction.
Nephrolithiasis is a less common side effect of the antiepileptic drug topiramate. We report the case of a 3-year-old boy who presented to the emergency department with abdominal pain; examinations revealed a large calcification in the left kidney. Regular ultrasound examinations are recommended in children using topiramate.
Ventriculoperitoneal (VP) shunting is an established treatment to regulate the drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in posthaemorrhagic hydrocephalus. Several complications (e.g. blockage of CSF shunting, overdrainage, but also catheter-related perforation of abdominal organs, etc.) may occur and may lead to painful episodes, mostly headache, in these… (More)