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Diabetic retinopathy is a leading cause of adult vision loss and blindness. Much of the retinal damage that characterizes the disease results from retinal vascular leakage and nonperfusion. Diabetic retinal vascular leakage, capillary nonperfusion, and endothelial cell damage are temporary and spatially associated with retinal leukocyte stasis in early(More)
Two types of photoreceptors, rods and cones, coexist in the vertebrate retina. An in-depth analysis of the retinal circuitry that transmits rod and cone signals has been hampered by the presence of intimate physical and functional connections between rod and cone pathways. By deleting the cyclic nucleotide-gated channel CNG3 we have generated a mouse(More)
PURPOSE To determine a time window in the rhodopsin knockout (Rho(-/-)) mouse during which retinal function is already sufficiently developed but cone degeneration is not yet substantial, thus representing an all-cone retina. METHODS Electroretinograms (ERGs) were obtained from 14 homozygous Rho(-/-) mice and eight C57Bl/6 control mice. The same(More)
The gene Prph2 encodes a photoreceptor-specific membrane glycoprotein, peripherin-2 (also known as peripherin/rds), which is inserted into the rims of photoreceptor outer segment discs in a complex with rom-1 (ref. 2). The complex is necessary for the stabilization of the discs, which are renewed constantly throughout life, and which contain the visual(More)
Measles virus (MV) strain CAM/RB, which was adapted to growth in the brain of newborn rodents, is highly neurovirulent. It has been reported earlier that experimentally selected virus variants escaping from the monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) Nc32 and L77 to hemagglutinin (H) preserved their neurovirulence, whereas mutants escaping MAbs K71 and K29 were found(More)
DNA sequence analysis of the gene encoding subunit 6 of the NADH-ubiquinone-oxidoreductase complex (ND6) in human mitochondria was performed in 25 independent patients who suffer from Lebers hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). In 10 cases the well-known LHON mutation at nucleotide position (np) 14484 was detected. Furthermore, silent substitutions at(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the association between polymorphisms in the TIMP3 gene and genes of the high-density lipoprotein (HDL) metabolism and age-related macular degeneration (AMD), and evaluate serum lipid and lipoprotein levels in AMD patients compared with control individuals. METHODS Single nucleotide polymorphisms in or near the TIMP3, ABCA1, FADS1-3,(More)
Variants in the chromosomal region 10q26 are strongly associated with an increased risk for age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Two potential AMD genes are located in this region: ARMS2 and HTRA1 (high-temperature requirement A1). Previous studies have suggested that polymorphisms in the promotor region of HTRA1 result in overexpression of HTRA1(More)
PURPOSE Intravitreal ranibizumab injections currently are the standard treatment for neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, a broad range of response rates have been observed, the reasons for which are poorly understood. This pharmacogenetic study evaluated the impact of high-risk alleles in CFH, ARMS2, VEGFA, vascular endothelial(More)
Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a complex disease. Genetic studies have found strong associations between AMD and variants of several complement pathway-associated genes. The regulation of the complement cascade seems to be critical in the pathogenesis of AMD. In 45 human donor eyes immunohistochemistry was performed using antibodies directed(More)