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Mammals are able to convert inorganic arsenic to mono-, di-, and trimethylated metabolites. In previous studies we have shown that the trivalent organoarsenic compounds are more toxic than their inorganic counterparts and that the toxicity is associated with the cellular uptake of the arsenicals. In the present study, we investigated cyto-/genotoxic effects(More)
Occupational exposure by inhalation in copper smelter is associated with several subclinical health phenomena. The respiratory tract is usually involved in the process of detoxication of inhaled noxious agents which, as arsenic, can act as inductors of oxidative stress (Lantz, R.C., Hays, A.M., 2006. Role of oxidative stress in arsenic-induced toxicity.(More)
Epidemiological studies have indicated that exposure of humans to inorganic arsenic in drinking water is associated with the occurrence of bladder cancer. The mechanisms by which arsenic induces this malignancy are still uncertain; however, arsenic metabolites are suspected to play a pivotal role. The aim of the present study was the investigation of uptake(More)
Bismuth compounds are widely used in industrial processes and products. In medicine, bismuth salts have been applied in combination with antibiotics for the treatment of Helicobacter pylori infections, for the prevention of diarrhea, and in radioimmunotherapy. In the environment, bismuth ions can be biotransformed to the volatile bismuth compound(More)
Organotin compounds have been widely used as stabilizers and anti-fouling agents with the result that they are ubiquitously distributed in the environment. Organotins accumulate in the food chain and potential effects on human health are disquieting. It is not known as yet whether cell surface adsorption or accumulation within the cell, or indeed both is a(More)
Institute of Hygiene and Occupational Medicine, University Hospital Essen, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany (E.D., U.v.R., I.S., I.P., A.W.R.), Institute of Environmental Analysis, University of Duisburg-Essen, Germany (L.M.H., S.R., A.V.H.), Chemical Research Department, Matís, Reykjavík, Iceland (S.R.), Department of Traumatology, TU Munich, Germany(More)
In our study, we demonstrate that trimethylantimony dichloride (TMSb) does not induce micronucleus (MN) formation, chromosome aberrations (CA) or sister chromatid exchanges (SCE) under normal conditions in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO-9) cells in vitro up to an applied concentration of 1 mM, nor is it significantly cytotoxic. TMSb is taken up by the cells in(More)
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