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PURPOSE Most gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) express constitutively activated mutant isoforms of KIT or kinase platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRA) that are potential therapeutic targets for imatinib mesylate. The relationship between mutations in these kinases and clinical response to imatinib was examined in a group of patients(More)
BACKGROUND Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are rare tumours of the gastrointestinal tract characterised by cell-surface expression of the tyrosine kinase KIT (CD117). No effective systemic treatment is available. Imatinib (STI571) inhibits a similar tyrosine kinase, BCR-ABL, leading to responses in chronic myeloid leukaemia, and has also been shown(More)
BACKGROUND Constitutive activation of KIT receptor tyrosine kinase is critical in the pathogenesis of gastrointestinal stromal tumors. Imatinib mesylate, a selective tyrosine kinase inhibitor, has been shown in preclinical models and preliminary clinical studies to have activity against such tumors. METHODS We conducted an open-label, randomized,(More)
PURPOSE Everolimus is a selective mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) inhibitor with promising anticancer activity. In order to identify a rationally based dose and schedule for cancer treatment, we have conducted a tumor pharmacodynamic phase I study in patients with advanced solid tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS Fifty-five patients were treated with(More)
BACKGROUND A small proportion of patients with chronic myeloproliferative diseases have constitutive activation of the gene for platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGFRB), which encodes a receptor tyrosine kinase. The gene is located on chromosome 5q33, and the activation is usually caused by a t(5;12)(q33;p13) translocation associated with an(More)
Imatinib mesylate (Glivec, formerly STI571) is the first effective systemic treatment for gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs). Major changes in tumour volume, however, tend to occur late after the start of treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate if [18F]-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) can be used for the early(More)
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are the most common form of mesenchymal tumour of the gastrointestinal tract. Clinically, they range from small indolent tumours curable with surgery alone to aggressive cancers. Making a distinction between an indolent and a malignant GIST is unreliable with conventional histopathological techniques. The presence of(More)
PURPOSE The cutaneous malignant tumor dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans (DFSP) is typically associated with a translocation between chromosomes 17 and 22 that places the platelet-derived growth factor-B (PDGFB) under the control of the collagen 1A1 promoter. The purpose of this study was to evaluate molecular, cytogenetic, and kinase activation profiles in a(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of our study was to assess the objective response to imatinib administered to patients with small cell lung cancer (SCLC). EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Eligible patients were those with SCLC who either had chemotherapy-naive extensive-stage or had SCLC in a sensitive relapse. Patients enrolled on the trial were treated with 600 mg of imatinib(More)