Sarthak Matravadia

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The therapeutic use of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in preserving insulin sensitivity has gained interest in recent decades; however, the roles of linoleic acid (LA) and α-linolenic acid (ALA) remain poorly understood. We investigated the efficacy of diets enriched with either LA or ALA on attenuating the development of insulin resistance (IR) in(More)
We developed a complex dietary supplement designed to offset five key mechanisms of aging and tested its effectiveness in ameliorating age-related cognitive decline using a visually cued Morris water maze test. All younger mice (<1 year old) learned the task well. However, older untreated mice (>1 year) were unable to learn the maze even after 5 days,(More)
While the cause of Type 2 diabetes remains poorly defined, the accumulation of reactive lipids within white adipose tissue, skeletal muscle, and liver have been repeatedly implicated as underlying mechanisms. The ability of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) to prevent the development of insulin resistance has gained considerable interest in recent years;(More)
While a paucity of information exists regarding posttranscriptional mechanisms influencing mitochondrial biogenesis, in resting muscle the stability of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) mRNA has been linked to mitochondrial content. Therefore, in the current study we have examined whether exercise promotes mRNA(More)
The role of mitofusin-2 (MFN-2) in regulating mitochondrial dynamics has been well-characterized in lower order eukaryotic cell lines through the complete ablation of MFN-2 protein. However, to support the contractile function of mature skeletal muscle, the subcellular architecture and constituent proteins of this tissue differ substantially from simpler(More)
OBJECTIVE Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) regulate fatty acid desaturase (FADS1, FADS2) expression in the liver; however, it is unknown whether PUFAs regulate FADS in adipocytes. This is important to study considering reports that link altered desaturase activity with adipose tissue PUFA profiles, body weight, and whole-body glucose homeostasis.(More)
Fatty acid translocase (FAT)/CD36 has been extensively studied for its role in facilitating fatty acid uptake. Recent findings have also demonstrated that this protein regulates adipocyte lipolysis and may modulate fatty acid reesterification. As FAT/CD36 has been shown to control the expression of genes involved in fatty acid oxidation in adipocytes, we(More)
α-Linolenic acid (ALA) supplementation or exercise training can independently prevent hepatic lipid accumulation and reduced insulin signaling; however, this may occur through different mechanisms of action. In the current study, obese Zucker rats displayed decreased phospholipid (PL) content in association with hepatic lipid abundance, and therefore, we(More)
OBJECTIVE The aims of the present study were to determine in healthy animals if 1) acute exercise stimulated traditional exercise signaling pathways in the cortex and striatum, and 2) if chronic exercise training increased the oxidative capacity of these brain regions. METHODS Male C57BL/6 mice were left sedentary, acutely exercised for 15 or 60 min to(More)
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