Learn More
Preeclampsia, a systemic syndrome of pregnancy clinically characterized by new onset of proteinuria and hypertension, is associated with significant morbidity and mortality to both mothers and fetuses. The pathogenesis of preeclampsia has been enigmatic; this review will focus on understanding the origins of this disorder. Preeclampsia originates in the(More)
Concentrations of soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) and soluble endoglin (sEng) increase in maternal blood with the approach of clinical preeclampsia. Although alterations in these circulating antiangiogenic factors herald the signs and symptoms of preeclampsia, in vitro studies suggest they may also play a role in regulating early placental(More)
Peripartum cardiomyopathy (PPCM) is an often fatal disease that affects pregnant women who are near delivery, and it occurs more frequently in women with pre-eclampsia and/or multiple gestation. The aetiology of PPCM, and why it is associated with pre-eclampsia, remain unknown. Here we show that PPCM is associated with a systemic angiogenic imbalance,(More)
BACKGROUND An imbalance in circulating angiogenic factors plays a central role in the pathogenesis of preeclampsia. METHODS AND RESULTS We prospectively studied 616 women who were evaluated for suspected preeclampsia. We measured plasma levels of antiangiogenic soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1) and proangiogenic placental growth factor (PlGF) at(More)
Previous studies report an association between vitamin D deficiency and hypertension, including the pregnancy-specific disorder preeclampsia. Circulating vitamin D is almost entirely bound to vitamin D binding protein, which increases 2-fold during pregnancy and previous studies have not examined vitamin D binding protein or free vitamin D levels. We(More)
Oxidative stress is widely implicated in failed reproductive performance, including infertility, miscarriage, diabetes-related congenital malformations, and preeclampsia. Maternal obesity is a strong risk factor for preeclampsia, and in a recent study we observed oxidative stress in the oocytes of obese animals before pregnancy as well as in early-stage(More)
The cardinal manifestations of the pregnancy-specific disorder preeclampsia, new-onset hypertension, and proteinuria that resolve with placental delivery have been linked to an extracellular protein made by the placenta, soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 (sFlt1), that injures the maternal vasculature. However, the mechanisms by which sFlt1, which is(More)
Preeclampsia is a common complication of pregnancy with potentially devastating consequences to both the mother and the baby.It is the leading cause of maternal deaths in developing countries. In developed countries it is the major cause of iatrogenic premature delivery and contributes significantly to increasing health care cost associated with(More)
Observational studies in humans and experimental studies in animals provide strong evidence that abnormalities in circulating angiogenic factors play a pathogenic role in preeclampsia. Numerous angiogenic factor abnormalities have been noted in preeclampsia, but the factors studied most extensively are the antiangiogenic protein, soluble fms-like protein(More)
BACKGROUND We describe a case where Mirror syndrome was characterized by altered levels of antiangiogenic proteins (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1 [sFlt1] and soluble endoglin). CASE We describe a pregnant patient with severe fetal and placental edema induced by congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection that was associated with preeclampsia. Fetal(More)