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The hepatotoxic properties of a Prudhoe Bay Crude Oil (PBCO) were evaluated in mice. Administration of PBCO (5.0 ml/kg body wt, daily for 2 days) to mice resulted in an increase in (i) liver wet and dry weight, (ii) hepatic total proteins, RNA, glycogen and total lipids, and (iii) individual lipids such as cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids.(More)
Administration of a Prudhoe Bay crude oil (PBCO) to pregnant rats resulted in induction of hepatic microsomal P-450 levels and various monooxygenases in a dose-dependent manner. The activities of aniline hydroxylase, benzo[a]pyrene hydroxylase, aminopyrine-N-demethylase, ethoxyresorufin-O-deethylase, and pentoxyresorufin-O-depentylase were increased(More)
Administration of Prudhoe Bay crude oil (PBCO) to rats resulted in a dose-related increase in liver weight; rapid and marked increase in the activity of hepatic delta-aminolevulinate synthetase, the initial and rate-limiting enzyme in the heme biosynthetic pathway; rapid decline in the activity of hepatic heme oxygenase, the rate-limiting enzyme of heme(More)
The effect of Prudhoe Bay crude oil (PBCO) and its different fractions [aliphatic, aromatic, heterocyclic (NOS)] on the bioenergetic functions of isolated rat liver mitochondria were studied. A DMSO extract of PBCO inhibited state 3 respiration (in the presence of ADP) with either succinate or beta-hydroxybutyrate as substrate. The ascorbate-TMPD dependent(More)
The effect of ochratoxin A on hepatic microsomal calcium sequestration was studied both in vivo and in vitro. The rate of ATP-dependent calcium uptake was inhibited by 42-45% in ochratoxin A intoxicated rats as compared to controls. In the presence of NADPH, addition of ochratoxin A (2.5 to 100 microM) caused a concentration-dependent inhibition of calcium(More)
AIMS The objective of this qualitative interview study was to assess the content validity of the Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia Impact Index (BII) in a sample of men with signs and symptoms of Benign Prostatic Obstruction believed to be caused by benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH lower urinary tract symptoms/BPH-LUTS) using concept elicitation (CE) and(More)
" Protecting this system demands a high level of vigilance because a single lapse in aviation security can result in hundreds of deaths, destroy equipment worth hundreds of millions of dollars, and have immeasur-able negative impacts on the economy and the public's confidence in air travel. T he terrorist attacks exploiting weaknesses in U.S. aviation(More)
OBJECTIVE To produce an educational video for tuberculosis (TB) awareness in The Gambia using participatory methods and integrated formative evaluation. METHODS A steering group was formed of key people working in TB research, health education, the health service and the media. They developed a script and commissioned local production of the video in(More)
Administration of Prudhoe Bay crude oil (PBCO) to rats resulted in an abrupt drop in liver mitochondrial and microsomal ATP-dependent calcium uptake activity. Also, in vitro incubations of either mitochondria or microsomes in the presence of a dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) extract of PBCO resulted in a dose-dependent inhibition of calcium influx. The release of(More)
The embryotoxic potential of a Prudhoe Bay crude oil (PBCO) was investigated in rats. PBCO was administered orally to pregnant rats as (i) a single dose on various gestation days, (ii) a single variable dose on gestation day 6, or (iii) as daily doses from day 6 to day 17 of pregnancy. PBCO administered during the earlier stages of pregnancy (day 3, 6 or(More)