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BACKGROUND The study was conducted to analyze previous six-year prevalence data of HIV infection in the Northwest region of India and predict future trends for a couple of years. OBJECTIVES The study was conducted to aid SACS and NACO to plan and arrange resources for the future scenario. MATERIALS AND METHODS All the attendees of ICTC, Jaipur, from(More)
Objective: Rapid diagnosis of genital tuberculosis (GTB) is essential as it is an important cause of infertility among women. Diagnosis can be done by imaging techniques, direct visualization by endoscopy, serology, histopathology, culture and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. Laparoscopy detects macroscopic changes only; histology is only suggestive(More)
BACKGROUND In developing countries like ours with a large number of tuberculosis (TB) cases and limited resources, the diagnosis of TB relies primarily on smear microscopy for Acid Fast Bacilli (AFB) but its sensitivity is limited in paucibacillary cases. AIM To evaluate the increase in efficacy of smear microscopy when smears are prepared from clinical(More)
CD4 T lymphocyte count is used to measure the progression of HIV infection and to monitor the response to antiretroviral therapy. Information on reference CD4 and CD8 T cell counts in healthy individuals is lacking in northwest India. Samples from 65 HIV-seronegative healthy volunteers (males, 37; females, 28) aged 18 through 59 years were analyzed using(More)
The genus Proteus along with genus Providencia and Morganella belongs to the tribe Proteeae of the family Enterobacteriaceae. The genus Proteus currently consists of four named species (P.mirabilis, P.penneri, P.vulgaris, P.myxofaciens) and four unnamed genomospecies (3, 4, 5, and 6). Genomospecies 3 was named Proteus hauseri to honor Hauser who first(More)
Extended-spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) are a rapidly evolving group of β-lactamases which share the ability to hydrolyze thirdgeneration cephalosporins and aztreonam yet are inhibited by clavulanic acid. (Paterson, 2005) The majority of ESBLs are derived from the widespread broadspectrum β-lactamases SHV-1 and TEM-1. There are also new families of ESBLs,(More)
INTRODUCTION Fungal respiratory infections are important cause of mortality and morbidity among HIV positive individuals. They account for up to 70% of illness in Acquired Immunodeficiency Disease Syndrome cases (AIDS). The range of illness varies from asymptomatic mucosal candidiasis to overwhelming disseminated infections. In these patients dissemination(More)
Diffuse cutaneous leishmaniasis (DCL) is characterized by the presence of a large number of lesions at several anatomic sites (head, limbs and trunk). The lesions include papules, nodules and areas of diffuse infiltration that do not ulcerate and reveal abundant parasites on histopathological examination. DCL and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)(More)
BACKGROUND Proteus species cause a variety of community- and hospital-acquired illnesses. Synthesis of β-lactamases is the predominant mechanism for resistance to β-lactam antibiotics. Among the β-lactamases, extended spectrum β-lactamases (ESBLs) and AmpC β-lactamases are the most common. AIM The objective of this study was to determine the occurrence of(More)