Sarnia Laurent

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Adipose tissue inflammation is one pathway shown to mediate insulin resistance in obese humans and rodents. Obesity induces dynamic cellular changes in adipose tissue to increase proinflammatory cytokines and diminish anti-inflammatory cytokines. However, we have found that anti-inflammatory interleukin-13 (IL-13) is unexpectedly induced in adipose tissue(More)
The present study was undertaken in order to determine the effects of the dihydropyridine calcium channel blocker, nimodipine and the dihydropyridine calcium channel activator BAY k 8644, in the learned helplessness test in the rat. Nimodipine dose dependently (0.5-2 mg/kg per day) reversed the behavioral deficit induced by inescapable shocks. The reversal(More)
Peripheral vascular effects of opioid peptides are well known, but direct myocardial effects have not been established. We studied the inotropic response of spontaneously beating cultured chick embryo ventricular cells to the enkephalin analogue [D-Ala2]-enkephalin. Amplitude of cell motion increased in a concentration-dependent manner with 0.53 microM(More)
Enkephalins have peripheral vascular effects, and enkephalinergic innervation of the heart has been reported. To determine whether enkephalins have direct effects on myocardium, we studied the effects of [D-Ala2, Met5]enkephalinamide and [D-Ala2, D-Leu5]enkephalin on amplitude of contraction (measured with an optical-video system) in spontaneously beating(More)
3,3',5-Triiodothyronine (T3), at 10(-8) M, potentiated by 26.4-30.9% the isoproterenol-mediated inotropic effect in chick embryo cardiac myocytes in culture. Amiodarone (10(-6) M) decreased this response by 44.6% only in cells cultured with serum, where the T3 concentration was 10(-13) M. Amiodarone inhibited the potentiating effect of T3. Amiodarone alone(More)
CGP 28392 is a recently described dihydropyridine derivative with positive inotropic properties. To study the mechanism of action of this putative calcium channel agonist, we have related the effects of CGP 28392 on contraction (measured with an optical video system) and radioactive calcium uptake to ligand-binding studies in cultured, spontaneously beating(More)
Glucagon is well known for its cardiotonic effect, but its mechanism of action remains undetermined. In the present study, we showed that glucagon, under minimal degradation conditions, had no effect on the amplitude of contractility of beating chick embryo ventricular cells. This raised the question of the contribution of the active metabolite of glucagon,(More)
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