Sarit Anavi

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Accumulating evidence suggests that fatty livers are particularly more susceptible to several pathological conditions, including hepatic inflammation, cirrhosis and liver cancer. However the exact mechanism of such susceptibility is still largely obscure. The current study aimed to elucidate the effect of hepatocytes lipid accumulation on the nuclear(More)
Steatosis increases the sensitivity of hepatocytes to hypoxic injury. Thus, this study was designed to elucidate the role of hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF1α) in steatotic hepatocytes during hypoxia. AML12 hepatocytes and isolated rat hepatocytes were treated with a free fatty acid mixture of oleate and palmitate (2:1, 1 mM) for 18 h, which generated(More)
AIMS The current study aim was to elucidate the antihypoglycemic role and mechanism of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) under inflammatory stress. METHODS Liver inflammatory stress was induced in wild-type (WT) and iNOS-knockout (iNOS(-/-)) mice by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (5 mg/kg) with and without the background of nonalcoholic steatohepatitis(More)
SCOPE This study investigated the potential deleterious impact of dietary supplementation with green tea extract (GTE) on the progression of fatty liver disease, in a mouse model of cholesterol-induced steatohepatitis that represents chronic liver injury. METHODS AND RESULTS Male C57BL mice (n = 32, 8-wk-old) were fed for 6 wk with one of the following(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the effect of Nitric oxide (NO) on redox changes and fat accumulation in hepatocytes. AML-12 hepatocytes were exposed to the NO donor Diethylenetriamine-NONOate (DETA-NO). DETA-NO led to a dose- and time-dependent increase in lipid accumulation in the cells, measured by Nile red fluorescence. Exposure of the cells to 1mM(More)
Hepatic gluconeogenesis tightly controls blood glucose levels in healthy individuals, yet disorders of fatty acids (FAs) oxidation are characterized by hypoglycemia. We studied the ability of free-FAs to directly inhibit gluconeogenesis, as a novel mechanism that elucidates the hypoglycemic effect of FAs oxidation defects. Primary rat hepatocytes were(More)
OBJECTIVE Mitochondrial dysfunction and hepatocyte cell death have been reported in fatty liver and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Our aim in this study was to evaluate whether direct exposure of hepatocytes to extracellular fat could facilitate such deleterious effects. METHODS FaO hepatic cells treated with fat was used as an in vitro model for(More)
Accumulation of cholesterol in the liver is associated with the development of non-alcoholic steatohepatitis-related fibrosis. However, underlying mechanisms are not well understood. The present study investigated the role of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) in cholesterol-induced liver fibrosis by feeding wild-type (WT) and iNOS-deficient mice with(More)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is a continuum of diseases that include simple steatosis and non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) ultimately leading to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma and end stage liver failure. Currently there is no approved treatment for NASH. It is known that bile acids not only have physiological roles in lipid digestion(More)
The primary objective of this study was to investigate the impact of lipid oversupply on the AMPK pathway in skeletal muscle, liver, and adipose tissue. Male Wistar rats were infused with lipid emulsion (LE) or phosphate-buffered saline for 5 h/day for 6 days. Muscles exposed to LE for 6 days exhibited increased AMPK and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC)(More)