Sarine Markossian

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TNF-alpha is believed to play a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel diseases which have diarrhea as one of their symptoms. This work studies the effect of the cytokine on electrolyte and water movements in the rat distal colon using an intestinal perfusion technique and attempts to determine its underlying mechanism of action. TNF-alpha(More)
This work investigated the effect of different doses of PGE2 on net water and Cl- absorption from the rat colon, using an in situ perfusion technique. PGE2 exerted opposite effects at different concentrations. Net water and Cl- absorption was significantly reduced at low doses with a minimum at 0.4 microg/100g BW, and significantly elevated at high doses(More)
Anise (Pimpinella anisum) has been used as a traditional aromatic herb in many drinks and baked foods because of the presence of volatile oils in its fruits commonly known as seeds. Hot water extracts of the seeds have been used also in folk medicine for their diuretic and laxative effect, expectorant and anti-spasmodic action, and their ability to ease(More)
The effect of TNF-alpha on the renal Na+-K+ pump and the Na+-K+2Cl- cotransporter was investigated in the rat. Animals were injected with the cytokine, and 4h later, a homogenate from the cortical and medullary tissues was prepared and used to assay the activity of the Na+-K+ ATPase and the protein expression of the pump and symporter. TNF-alpha reduced the(More)
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