Sarika Singh

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Nitric oxide (NO) is a janus faced chemical messenger, which, in the recent years, has been the focus of neurobiologists for its involvement in neurodegenerative disorders in particular, Parkinson's disease (PD). Nitric oxide synthase, the key enzyme involved in NO production exists in three known isoforms. The neuronal and inducible isoforms have been(More)
Astrocytes are the most abundant glial cells, which provide metabolic support for neurons. Rotenone is a botanical pesticide of natural origin, known to exhibit neurotoxic potential via inhibition of mitochondrial complex-I. This study was carried out to explore the effect of rotenone on C6 cells. The cell line C6 derived from rat glioma cells represents(More)
Apoptosis of nigral dopaminergic neurons by various mechanisms is an emerging phenomenon involved in the degeneration of dopaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease (PD). Both extrinsic and intrinsic pathways seems to be involved in death of nigral neurons, intrinsic pathway however, seems to be more important due to the energy crisis. Apoptosis by(More)
Pesticides are chemicals used for pest control in the agricultural fields. They finally reach the surrounding water bodies through surface runoff affecting the aquatic fauna. Dimethoate is frequently used organophosphate pesticide due to its high effectiveness and rapid breakdown into environmentally safe products. A 96 hr static acute toxicity test was(More)
Rotenone causes cytotoxicity in astrocytic cell culture by glial activation, which is linked to free radical generation. The present study is an investigation to explore whether rotenone could also cause cellular toxicity in mouse neuroblastoma cells (Neuro-2a) under treatment similar to astroglial cells. The effect of rotenone (0.1, 1, and 10 μM) on(More)
The primary pathology in Parkinson's disease patients is significant loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra through multiple mechanisms. We previously have demonstrated the involvement of nitric oxide (NO) in the dopaminergic neurodegeneration induced by 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rats. The present study was(More)
Rotenone a pesticide is known to induce neurotoxicity. In earlier study we correlated rotenone induced biochemical changes and cerebral damage in brain areas with neuromuscular coordination in rats. The present study involves investigation of rotenone induced histopathological changes in the brain areas, viz. striatum (STR) and substantia nigra (SN) using(More)
Rotenone, a pesticide, causes neurotoxicity via the mitochondrial complex-I inhibition. The present study was conducted to evaluate the role of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in rotenone-induced neuronal death. Cell viability, cytotoxicity, reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation, nitrite level, mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP), and DNA damage(More)
We propose a two-stage model to describe the increasing concreteness of consumers’ goals during the shopping process, testing the model with a series of field experiments at a convenience store. Using a number of different process measures (experiment 1), we first established that consumers are less certain of their shopping goals and construe products in(More)