Sari Stenholm

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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Older obese persons with decreased muscle mass or strength are at special risk for adverse outcomes. We discuss potential pathways to muscle impairment in obese individuals and the consequences that joint obesity and muscle impairment may have on health and disability. Tantamount to this discussion is whether low muscle mass or, rather,(More)
Obesity in older adults is a growing public health problem. Excess weight causes biomechanical burden to lower extremity joints and contribute to joint pathology. The aim of this study was to identify specific characteristics of gait associated with body mass index (BMI). Preferred and maximum speed walking and related gait characteristics were examined in(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine the efficacy of a participatory ergonomics intervention in preventing musculoskeletal disorders among kitchen workers. Participatory ergonomics is commonly recommended to reduce musculoskeletal disorders, but evidence for its effectiveness is sparse. METHODS A cluster randomised controlled trial among the 504 workers of 119 kitchens(More)
OBJECTIVES To examine long-term changes in handgrip strength and the factors predicting handgrip strength decline. DESIGN Longitudinal cohort study with 22 years of follow-up. SETTING Population-based Mini-Finland Health Examination Survey in Finland. PARTICIPANTS Nine hundred sixty-three men and women aged 30 to 73 at baseline. MEASUREMENTS(More)
BACKGROUND An excessive amount of adipose tissue may contribute to sarcopenia and may be one mechanism underlying accelerated loss of muscle mass and strength with aging. We therefore examined the association of baseline total body fat with changes in leg lean mass, muscle strength, and muscle quality over 7 years of follow-up and whether this link was(More)
BACKGROUND Age-related decline in muscle strength is among of the most important factors in the aging process leading to disability. This study examines age-related changes in handgrip strength through a 22-year follow-up in men and women. Because handgrip strength is associated with mortality, this study also accounts for the selection effect of right(More)
OBJECTIVES To study the effect of a participatory ergonomics intervention on psychosocial factors among kitchen workers. DESIGN A cluster randomised controlled trial. SETTING Four cities in Finland, 2002-2005. PARTICIPANTS 504 workers in 119 municipal kitchens. INTERVENTION Kitchens were randomised to intervention (n=59) and control (n=60) groups.(More)
OBJECTIVE Both obesity and muscle impairment are increasingly prevalent among older persons and negatively affect health and physical functioning. However, the combined effect of coexisting obesity and muscle impairment on physical function decline has been little studied. We examined whether obese persons with low muscle strength experience significantly(More)
BACKGROUND The number of diseases and physical functioning difficulties tend to increase with age. The aim of this study was to examine the trajectories of physical functioning across age groups and whether the trajectories differ according to disease status in different population subgroups. METHODS Repeat data from a nationally representative population(More)
The aim of the present study was to examine differences in gait characteristics across the adult lifespan and to test the hypothesis that such differences are attributable at least in part to the decline in muscle strength. The data presented here are from 190 participants of the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging (BLSA) aged from 32 to 93 years. Based(More)