Sari Pitkänen

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Diversity of vegetation in managed forests is studied. A classification based on forest stand structure, the abundances of vegetation species and variations in these abundances is developed and diversity indices are calculated for the classes to describe the diversity of the vegetation within the classes. The classes were formed using detrended(More)
The effect of stand structure on the diversity of the forest's ground vegetation was examined based on data on permanent sample plots collected in the northern parts of North-Carelia, eastern Finland. Different ordination methods (DCA, GNMDS, LNMDS, and HMDS) were used together with the TWINSPAN classification method. The aim was to construct a basis for(More)
Hereditary tyrosinemia type I (HT-I) is the most common of the three known diseases caused by defects in tyrosine metabolism. This type of tyrosinemia is caused by a mutation in the gene coding for fumarylacetoacetate hydrolase; several mutations in this gene have been identified. The main clinical features of HT-I are caused by hepatic involvement and(More)
BACKGROUND Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) is overexpressed in many solid tumor types, such as ovarian carcinoma. Immunoliposome based drug targeting has shown promising results in drug delivery to the tumors. However, the ratio of tumor-to-normal tissue concentrations should be increased to minimize the adverse effects of cytostatic drugs. (More)
Learning Objects (LOs) enables an individual and adaptive learning process provided by Learning Content Management System (LCMS) or realised on the micro level by an individual learning object. The adaptive use of LOs sets up demands for LOs; they have to be highly reusable, but still not pedagogically empty or meaningless pieces of content information.(More)
Squamous cell carcinoma in situ is an intra-epidermal malignancy of the skin with potential to progress to invasive carcinoma. Commonly used treatments are surgical excision, cryotherapy, photodynamic therapy, laser ablation, curettage with cautery, radiotherapy, topical 5-fluorouracil, and topical imiquimod. The efficacies of these different treatment(More)
It has been suggested that above-ground biomass (AGB) inventories should include tree height (H), in addition to diameter (D). As H is a difficult variable to measure, H-D models are commonly used to predict H. We tested a number of approaches for H-D modelling, including additive terms which increased the complexity of the model, and observed how(More)
Actinic keratoses are premalignant skin lesions with the risk of converting into squamous cell carcinoma, and therefore they should be treated. Treatment modalities include cryotherapy, photodynamic therapy, carbon dioxide laser and also topical treatments such as imiquimode, ingenol mebutate, 5-fluorouracil and diclophenac. In the future, the treatment of(More)
Increasing exposure to UV radiation is considered the most important etiologic factor of nonmelanoma skin cancers. Consequently, exposed areas such as the scalp and face, are the primary areas for developing non-melanoma skin cancers. Once a patient has presented with one tumor, additional lesions are common. The diagnosis is based on typical clinical(More)
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