Sari Pihlasalo

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Rapid, high-throughput screening tools are needed to contain the spread of hospital-acquired methicillin (meticillin)-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains. Most techniques used in current clinical practice still require time-consuming culture for primary isolation of the microbe. We present a new phenotypic assay for MRSA screening. The technique(More)
We have developed easy-to-use homogeneous methods utilizing time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET) and fluorescence quenching for quantification of eukaryotic cells. The methods rely on a competitive adsorption of cells and fluorescently labeled protein onto citrate-stabilized colloidal gold nanoparticles or carboxylate-modified(More)
Nanoparticle assay utilizing time-resolved luminescence resonance energy transfer (TR-LRET) was developed for the detection of protein aggregation. This mix-and-measure nanoparticle assay is based on the competitive adsorption of the sample and the acceptor-labeled protein to donor europium(III) polystyrene particles. The protein aggregation was detected(More)
A particle-based protein quantification method was developed. The method relies on adsorption of proteins on particles and time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer (TR-FRET). Layer-by-layer (LbL) particles containing europium(III) chelate donor were prepared. A protein labeled with an acceptor was adsorbed onto the particles and near-infrared(More)
A new easy-to-use method for quantification of proteins in solution has been developed. It is based on adsorption competition of the sample protein and fluorescently labeled bovine serum albumin (BSA) onto gold particles. The protein concentration is determined by observing the magnitude of fluorescence altered by quenching the fluorescence on the gold(More)
A homogeneous time-resolved luminescence resonance energy transfer (TR-LRET) assay has been developed to quantify proteins. The competitive assay is based on resonance energy transfer (RET) between two luminescent nanosized particles. Polystyrene nanoparticles loaded with Eu(3+) chelates (EuNPs) act as donors, while protein-coated quantum dots (QDs), either(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate a new type of assay for the phenotypic detection of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The assay is based on a point-of-care compatible two-photon excitation fluorescence detection technology (TPX). A collection of 243 epidemic MRSA isolates was tested in addition to 138 sporadic MRSA and 101 negative(More)
Adsorption of sample protein to Eu(3+) chelate-labeled nanoparticles is the basis of the developed noncompetitive and homogeneous method for the estimation of the protein isoelectric point (pI). The lanthanide ion of the nanoparticle surface-conjugated Eu(3+) chelate is dissociated at a low pH, therefore decreasing the luminescence signal. A(More)
A sensitive and rapid assay for the quantification of proteins, based on sample protein adsorption to Eu(3+)-chelate-labeled nanoparticles, was developed. The lanthanide ion of the surface-conjugated Eu(3+) chelate is dissociated at a low pH, decreasing the luminescence signal. The increased concentration of the sample protein prevents dissociation of the(More)
Homogeneous simple assays utilizing luminescence quenching and time-resolved luminescence resonance energy transfer (TR-LRET) were developed for the quantification of nucleic acids without sequence information. Nucleic acids prevent the adsorption of a protein to europium nanoparticles which is detected as a luminescence quenching of europium nanoparticles(More)